Summary: How can Abraham be the father of our Christian faith? This exegetical report goes indepth on how.

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Abraham: The Father of our Faith?

An in depth analysis of Romans 4:3

Is it faith or the law?

NT 402SN

Prof. Bryan McIntosh

Baptist College of Florida

Report Due on the 28th of May, 2004.

As stated in Syllabus for Completion of Course

Submitted by

Brian A. Deida

Table of Contents

I. Introduction

II. Abraham: His faith credited to him as righteousness

A. The background of Abraham and his wife, Sarah

1. Her Infertility

2. The Promise

3. His Belief

III. Faith the Central theme

1. Circumcision

2. Works

IV. The law cannot save…but only faith

V. Conclusion

VI. Bibliography

Abraham: The Father of our Faith?

I. Introduction

Ask any Christian theologian and they will tell a person that Abraham is the father of the Christian faith. Why would this be so? How can a man who lived hundreds and hundreds of years before the arrival of Christ on this earth, may be credited with such a title. Since Christ, there has never been a more powerful, yet peaceful religion and people on the face of this earth. Of course, overlooking some very misguided people, the Christian faith is one of love, joy, and peace. People of the Christian faith have like no other faith done so much to spread liberty, honesty, and law. What other faith will willingly place themselves in danger in order to peacefully (not forcefully) spread their message.

Now getting back to the point. Abraham was a man who lived peacefully among his neighbors. He married a beautiful woman named Sarai (Genesis 21:11), whom later was found to be infertile. This was just the stage that God needed to orchestrate His will. God wanted a people that He would call His own. It is true that everyone and everything on this earth and in the Universe would not exist without Him, yet He still wanted a huge number of people—a particular people at that—to worship Him. God thus uses these two people in order for the Jewish nation to come about. In it are great and fascinating stories of man and his faith and lack thereof of it, in which God demonstrates not only His love, but His judgment and mercy. Here we see the foundation of the Christian faith made.

II. The Body

Key Passage:

Rom 4:1 What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, hath found according to the flesh?

Rom 4:2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not toward God.

Rom 4:3 For what saith the scripture? And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned unto him for righteousness.

Genesis 15:6, Abraham is shown to have faith in God for his future. The Bible plainly tells us that Abraham was married to a beautiful woman named Sarai (Genesis 12:14). Abraham loved Sarai, but there was one thing that bothered them both. Sarai was barren…or in modern terminology, not fertile. To be able to give a man an heir was something to be held of highly. Till this day, we hold highly a male in order to carry on the family name. Sought of like a legacy. In fact in other countries where to Gospel is not fully grasped…ex. China…they kill off or just abandon girls because they do not consider them as worthy. It’s a sad fact that is often not reported. But that is a sermon for another time.

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