Summary: Adam – A Pattern of the One to Come – Romans chapter 5 verse 14 – Sermon by Gordon Curley PowerPoint slides to accompany this talk are available on request – email: email@example.com
Truth #1: Sin and its origin.
Truth #2: Sin and its effects.
Truth #3: Sin and the Law.
Truth #4: Sin and the Two Adams.
• Not far from where we live is the birthplace of Charles Dickens.
• He was an English writer,
• Who created some of the world's best-known fictional characters
• And is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era.
• One of his books (A Tale of Two Cities);
• Starts off with the classic line;
• “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times”.
• The book not only chronicles the history of two cities,
• But also the lives of two men (Sydney Carton, Charles Darnay );
• Whose paths crossed during the French revolution.
• TRANSITION: In Romans chapter 5, the apostle Paul also tells of two men:
• Adam, a man of guilt, and Jesus a man of grace.
• If Charles Dickens were to paraphrase the apostle Paul,
• He might say that Adam represents the worst of times and Jesus the best!
• In this chapter the apostle Paul teaches by way of similarities and contrasts.
• In other words, Adam and Jesus are alike in some ways and very different in others.
• i.e. They are alike in that each of them was the first of his kind.
• They were both sinless (one created perfect one conceived by the Holy Spirit)
• i.e. They are also alike in that great things came from a single deed of each of them.
• (Human race through Adam and the family/race of believers through Jesus).
• Apart from these similarities, however,
• Adam and Jesus are as different as night and day.
• i.e. From Adam came the certainty of death;
• i.e. While from Jesus came the hope of resurrection to life.
You might be surprised to know:
• That the Old Testament says very little about Adam!
• Obviously he is mentioned in Genesis chapters 1-3,
• Another mention in Genesis chapter 5 verse 5 were we are told:
• Adam lived 931 years and then he died
• Then not much else is said about Adam in the Old Testament,
• Apart from the prophet Hosea who mentions him in his book;
• (Hosea chapter 6 verses 4-7).
“‘What can I do with you, Ephraim?
What can I do with you, Judah?
Your love is like the morning mist,
like the early dew that disappears.
5 Therefore I cut you in pieces with my prophets,
I killed you with the words of my mouth –
then my judgments go forth like the sun.[a]
6 For I desire mercy, not sacrifice,
and acknowledgment of God rather than burnt offerings.
7 As at Adam,[b] they have broken the covenant;
they were unfaithful to me there.”
• Well maybe we should not be surprised,
• That not much is said about Adam in the Old Testament,
• Because Adam was no hero, no positive example of anything good.
• Hebrews chapter 11
• This chapter has been described as the Westminster Abbey of the Bible:
• Because here we find enshrined here the great heroes of faith.
• It has also been called:
• God's hall of fame, or Gods hall of faith:
• We have a listed the names of 17 men & women from the Old Testament:
• For us to observe, reflect upon and to admire the way they lived,
• And even the way the died.
• But no mention of Adam,
• The last starts with his son Abel.
Now in contrast to the Old Testament:
• The New Testament has a great deal to say about Adam,
• Some of which is not very complimentary to him.
• The apostle Paul contrasted Adam with Jesus;
• Both here in Romans and also in 1 Corinthians chapter 15 verses 45-50.
• In order to show the difference between the two,
• And to explain some interesting things about Jesus.
• The problem with verse 14 from a preachers perspective:
• It is unpacked and explained in verses 15-21,
• Which I assume is your next week’s sermon.
• So I feel a bit like a chef who has to talk about a dish;
• But cannot give you the recipe or allow you to taste it,
• Until the next programme!
• So if we cannot go forward, then let’s go back,
• And remind ourselves of three key truths that the apostle has taught already.
But before we do go back, I want to whet your appetite for next week:
• Let me point out three key phrases in verses 12-21.
• Repetition is a good teacher and the apostle uses it to highlight certain key truths.