Summary: A Study in Christian Apologetics

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Apologetics? An Outline

What is Christian apologetics?

First what it is not! It is not the art of learning how to apologize for your faith!

It is not arguing over how many angels can dance on the head of a pin.

The English word, “apologetics,” comes from the Greek word, apologia, which means “to give a reason or defense” (1 Pet. 3:15). Christian apologetics is a field of Theology that not only explains what Christians believe but why they believe it. In other words a Christian apologist is not one who apologizes for the faith but gives a defense of the faith. The Greek word apologia means to “give a reply”.

Why engage in apologetics? The Bible tells us to!

Jude 3 - Beloved, while I was very diligent to write to you concerning our common salvation, I found it necessary to write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints

1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear

Apologetics is also called “pre-evangelism.” Is there anything you do before you evangelize?

Depending on the situation sometimes people choose to build a relationship first (people are rarely converted on the spot by a tract or sermon etc…) Seeds usually have to be planted and watered first.

You pray for a person who you want to see converted.

-Some help people with their physical needs in order to get their “foot in the door”

1 Peter 3:8-17 – Part of apologetics is living out your faith for all to see. Your life is an apologetic argument in and of itself! If you can answer every question and give a defense against every attack but you’re a jerk, little will be gained.

When engaging in apologetics we ought to recognize the importance of humility: 1 Cor. 8:1…Knowledge makes arrogant, (or it is “puffed up”) but love edifies.”

Back in the days of the early church Christians were demonized in the Roman Empire and all sorts of false accusations were made against them. Not only did Nero blame Christians for burning down the city in the 1st century Christians were maligned up until the 4th century.

Christians were accused of being:

Cannibals - Communion

Atheist – they rejected the Roman gods & goddesses - Polycarp – away with the atheist

Incest – brothers & sisters “in Christ”

What are some things Christians are accused of today?

-Hateful – gay marriage?


We need to realize that people are where they are for a reason, and they believe what they believe for a reason. Some hate the faith and will not believe, others claim to have faith yet they distort it and others may have some sincere doubts

Jude 16-23 - We must make a distinction between those who doubt and others who are totally deceived


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