Summary: Jesus' First Miracle

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1. When did the miracles happen? On the seventh day.

Day 1: “The Pharisees question John the Baptist” (1:19-28).

Day 2: “The next day John saw Jesus coming” (1:29).

Day 3: “The next day John stood with two of his disciples” (1:35).

Day 4: “The day following . . . Jesus found Philip” (1:43).

Day 7: “On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee” (2:1).

2. What was Mary doing? She was a kitchen manager. “A wedding . . . and the mother of Jesus was there” (2:1). “His mother said to the servants” (2:5).

3. How many extra people did Jesus bring? Six. Jesus, Andrew, John, Peter, James, Philip, Nathaniel (Bartholomew).

4. What happens when seven unexpected men show up? “They have no wine” (2:3). Mary tells Jesus about the wine.

 To go get some from the store.

 To take His new friends and leave.

 To offer religious exhortation (Calvin).

 To do a miracle.

 She knew Jesus could do something.

5. Why was Jesus abrupt with Mary? “Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me?” (2:4).

 30 is the age of independence.

 The term “woman” was respectful.

 She could not exercise authority over His Messianic work.

 “Don’t worry, leave things to me” -Barclay.

6. What did Jesus mean “My hour is not yet come” (2:4)?

 The guests had not finished their wine.

 Jesus wanted the host to ask Him.

 This is not the time to start miracles.

 Not big enough for Jesus’ introduction as miracle worker.

 “My hour” used as fulfillment of Messianic expectation.

7. How much wine did Jesus create? 120 to 180 gallons. “Containing twenty to thirty gallons apiece” (2:6).

 Jesus, creator of quantity.

 Jesus, creator of quality; “best till last.”

8. When did the miracle happen? “Draw out now, and take it to the master of the feast” (2:8).

 The word “draw” means serve.

 They had already “filled them up to the brim” (2:7).

 An aorist active imperative. Instant obedience.

9. Did Jesus create fermented wine?

 NO! “The Passover of the Jews was at hand” (2:13). At Passover Jews could not drink anything with leaven, or have it in the house.

 Inappropriate at family celebration.

 The Old Testament prohibits strong drink (Prov. 23:32).

 Jesus created by life’s cycle, not rotten leaven.

10. Why did Jesus begin with a miracle that was “private” and “unnecessary” and “non-spectacular?”

 His stamp of approval on marriage and the family.

 Both Old Testament and New Testament begin with acts of creation and seven days.

 Jesus showed evangelism and education begin with home and family.

 Symbolically, the Old Testament laws were insufficient as contrasted with the abundance of Christianity.

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