Summary: Jesus' First Miracle
1. When did the miracles happen? On the seventh day.
Day 1: “The Pharisees question John the Baptist” (1:19-28).
Day 2: “The next day John saw Jesus coming” (1:29).
Day 3: “The next day John stood with two of his disciples” (1:35).
Day 4: “The day following . . . Jesus found Philip” (1:43).
Day 7: “On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee” (2:1).
2. What was Mary doing? She was a kitchen manager. “A wedding . . . and the mother of Jesus was there” (2:1). “His mother said to the servants” (2:5).
3. How many extra people did Jesus bring? Six. Jesus, Andrew, John, Peter, James, Philip, Nathaniel (Bartholomew).
4. What happens when seven unexpected men show up? “They have no wine” (2:3). Mary tells Jesus about the wine.
To go get some from the store.
To take His new friends and leave.
To offer religious exhortation (Calvin).
To do a miracle.
She knew Jesus could do something.
5. Why was Jesus abrupt with Mary? “Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me?” (2:4).
30 is the age of independence.
The term “woman” was respectful.
She could not exercise authority over His Messianic work.
“Don’t worry, leave things to me” -Barclay.
6. What did Jesus mean “My hour is not yet come” (2:4)?
The guests had not finished their wine.
Jesus wanted the host to ask Him.
This is not the time to start miracles.
Not big enough for Jesus’ introduction as miracle worker.
“My hour” used as fulfillment of Messianic expectation.
7. How much wine did Jesus create? 120 to 180 gallons. “Containing twenty to thirty gallons apiece” (2:6).
Jesus, creator of quantity.
Jesus, creator of quality; “best till last.”
8. When did the miracle happen? “Draw out now, and take it to the master of the feast” (2:8).
The word “draw” means serve.
They had already “filled them up to the brim” (2:7).
An aorist active imperative. Instant obedience.
9. Did Jesus create fermented wine?
NO! “The Passover of the Jews was at hand” (2:13). At Passover Jews could not drink anything with leaven, or have it in the house.
Inappropriate at family celebration.
The Old Testament prohibits strong drink (Prov. 23:32).
Jesus created by life’s cycle, not rotten leaven.
10. Why did Jesus begin with a miracle that was “private” and “unnecessary” and “non-spectacular?”
His stamp of approval on marriage and the family.
Both Old Testament and New Testament begin with acts of creation and seven days.
Jesus showed evangelism and education begin with home and family.
Symbolically, the Old Testament laws were insufficient as contrasted with the abundance of Christianity.