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Summary: A re-enactment of the the Last Supper and an explanation of the Lord’s Supper’s roots in the Jewish Seder.

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Christ in the Passover

1 Corinthians 11:23-16

Dr. Roger W. Thomas, Preaching Minister

First Christian Church, Vandalia, MO

Introduction: ¡§For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, ¡§This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.¡¨ In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, ¡§This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.¡¨ For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord¡¦s death until he comes.¡¨ (1 Cor. 11:23-26 NIV)

With those words the New Testament describes the origin of the on-going practice of the communion or the Lord¡¦s Supper. It began at a Jewish observance of the Passover. Communion has continued through the centuries as an important part of Christian worship. To appreciate the Passover is to better understand the meaning and significance of the Lord¡¦s Supper.

On the night before the cross, Jesus gathered his little family of disciples in an Upper Room to celebrate the Jewish Passover. As they entered, he washed their feet, a humble act of service that confused and bewildered them. During the evening, Jesus spoke of his imminent departure. He promised he would not leave his disciples alone, but would send another Helper, the Holy Spirit. He also shocked them with the prediction that one who sat at the table would betray him. As the Passover meal progressed, Judas dismissed himself to begin his act of treachery.

Because many the details of the Passover observance have changed through the centuries, we know only the general outline of a typical Passover observance in Jesus¡¦ day.

The Passover Background. Passover is an 8 day observance commemorating the freedom and deliverance of the Hebrew slaves from Egypt recorded in the early chapters of Exodus. During a time of family gatherings and lavish meals called Seders, the story of Passover is retold. The Seder, with its special foods, songs, and customs, is the central event of the Passover celebration.

The Seder is steeped in long held traditions and customs. Leading up to the first night of Passover, the home is cleaned and cleared of all yeast foods, called hametz. All hametz is either eaten before Passover begins or "sold" to non-Jewish neighbors and friends. The rules surrounding Passover are strict. Only special foods, utensils, and dishware allowed.

The Passover includes a regular meal, traditionally lamb but in some modern Jewish families more often chicken or turkey. The feast also includes a Seder plate containing foods that have special meaning for this holiday. These are:

„X Matzos: Unleavened bread represents the bread that the Hebrews ate because there was not time for the bread to rise.

„X Haroseth: A mixture of chopped walnuts, wine, cinnamon and apples that represents the mortar the Jewish slaves used to assemble the Pharaoh’s bricks.

„X Salt water: representing the tears of the Jewish slaves.


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