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Summary: The history of the early Church in the first century AD

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Church History A.D. 1 – A.D. 100

I have decided to take a break from my Genesis series, and start this new 20 sermon series on the history of the Church.

In this series I will focus on a whole century of church history in each sermon, and so today we will focus on the very first century.

A.D. 1 was a very special year and of great importance to the church of God: It was the year in which our Lord Jesus Christ was born, and without Him there would surely be no church.

Also in that first year John the Baptist was born.

A lot of the history that we shall study today you will find in the Gospels and in the Acts, and as I have only a sermon’s length to discuss this weighty subject, I recommend that you read diligently those books of the Bible, as they will more fully expound what I am attempting to teach this day!

Years 1 – 30 A.D.

There is very little known about these years, when our Lord Jesus Christ was in His youth. We know that Christ did never sin, and I am certain that He never wasted any time, so those early days must have been very important, yet because there is so little said about them in the Scriptures, it seems that the events that happened, if told, would not be of so much benefit to us.

There are however apocryphal books about Jesus first 30 years which are generally termed “the Infancy Gospels”, the most well known being The Infancy Gospel of Thomas, where Jesus does a number of miracles and instead of being taught by His teachers, He teaches them. Doubtless a lot of what is written in these infancy Gospels is true, but as we have not been given them in our Bible, it probably means that God did not see them as profitable for our souls.

John the Baptist started his ministry in the later part of this period.

Years 31 – 33 A.D.

These years are the years of our Lord Jesus Christ’s ministry on this earth. These 3 years are the foundation of all Christianity and our most holy faith!

You can read about these years in the four infallible Gospels of our Lord Jesus Christ!

Here is a brief outline:

Jesus calls 12 disciples near the beginning of His ministry, the most important of these being Peter, James, and John.

Then Jesus begins to preach and to do many miracles.

Then the last week Of Jesus life is what we call the Passion of Christ. Jesus is betrayed by his own Disciple, one of the 12, Judas Iscariot. Jesus dies upon a cross to atone for our sins. And 2 days later Jesus rises from the grave, and lives again.

After the resurrection, Jesus was on the earth for about 40 to 50 days, and in that time He did many more miracles.

Then our Lord leaves this world and ascends up into Heaven.

Then on the 50th day after the Resurrection of our Lord, not long after His ascension, The disciples were meeting for praise and prayer in the city of Jerusalem, and the Holy Spirit comes down upon them all, and anoints them to preach.

The Spreading of the Gospel

The Disciples begin to spread the Gospel to the Jews that live in Jerusalem and the surrounding areas.


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