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Summary: Daniel gives us an example of how to pray.. We must always remember who we are praying to.

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Daniel – Chapter 9b

Chapter 9 Outline

I. Historical 70 (9:1-19)

a. The Scripture (9:1-2)

1. Time (9:1)

2. Text (9:2)

b. The Supplication (9:3-19)

1. God’s Character (9:4-9)

2. God’s Command (9:10-14)

3. God’s Covenant (9:15-17)

4. God’s Compassion (9:18-19)

II. Prophetical 70 (9:20-27)

a. Gabriel’s Mission (9:20-23)

1. When he Came (9:20-21)

2. Why he Came (9:22-23)

b. Gabriel’s Message (9:24-27)

1. First Period (9:25)

2. Second Period (9:26)

3. Third Period (9:27)

Message

b. The Supplication (9:3-19)

1. God’s Character (9:4-9)

2. God’s Command (9:10-14)

Verse 10

When you look at Exodus 20:1-12 LORD thy God is used 5 times tying together the vertical commandments, that is man’s duty to God, and the horizontal commandments, that is man’s duty to his fellow man, are tied together with the words, “Thou shalt not.”

You can almost hear the disappointment in Daniel’s voice; he is dismayed by the fact that Israel broke all of the vertical commandments. They should have had no other gods. They shouldn’t have made any graven images. They should have reverenced God’s holy name. They should have observes the Sabbaths. They should have honoured their parents (as those who stand in the place of God to the child).

Israel failed, they had became an idolatrous nation, they seemed obsessed with the graven images and finally God had to send them to the capital city of idolatry to have the obsession of idol worship removed from the nation once and for all. Their land was occupied by enemy soldiers, their great city Jerusalem was in ruins, and their holy temple was desecrated, plundered and incinerated.

No wonder the Jews were ashamed! But it was their own sins that had brought on these disasters, because their king’s princes, and priests had disobeyed God’s laws and refused to obey God’s prophets, and ultimately had failed to obey God’s Commandments.

Verse 11

Here Daniel uses yet another word for sin, “Transgressed.” This word means, “to go beyond.” It seems that God will let us go so far, but when we cross that line that He has drawn, we can expect His judgement. Time and time again God had warned Israel about stepping over that line.

Leviticus 26:14 But if ye will not harken unto me, and will not do all these commandments… Then He goes on to say in verse 16 I will also do this unto you…..

Warnings were given in Deuteronomy Chapters 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 and 32. Daniel was well aware of these passages of Scripture, as was the nation of Israel. They truly were without excuse. They would never be able to say, “I didn’t know, God never said….” They had His Word, His prophets, His Commands, but still the people would not listen.

Verse 12

Long after Moses was dead God sent other prophets to warn the nation against sin and certain judgement to come. Isaiah had preached with eloquence, Amos had spelt it out in logic, Hosea had broken his heart, Habakkuk had wrestled with the problem, Jeremiah had wept over his nations sins. Yet the people remained deaf to the prophets God had sent to His people.

The leaders and the people knew the terms of God’s commands, but they deliberately violated them. The Jews were unfaithful to God, but God was faithful to keep His Word. If the nation had obeyed, God would have been faithful to bless them Psalm 81:11-16.

Because the nation rebelled, God was faithful to chasten them, as Daniel said [God] hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: Israel had enjoyed great blessings when they had obeyed the Law, so why should they complain when they experienced great suffering for disobeying the Law? Daniel didn’t make excuse, he just confessed their sins.

Verses 13-14

But there was something worse than the sins that brought this divine judgment upon the Jews, it was their refusal to repent and confess their sins even after being taken captive.

Did the people repent when the Assyrians carried away the entire Northern Kingdom and invaded Judah, right down to Jerusalem? Only until the death of King Hezekiah, then Judah followed Manasseh into worse wickedness than before.

Did the people repent when Josiah found a copy of the Law in the temple after God’s Word had been completely forgotten and forsaken that he read it with astonishment? Only until his death

Did the people repent when the Babylonians first appeared and completely surrounded Jerusalem? No

Did the people repent when Jerusalem fell in 605 B.C. and the cream of Judean aristocracy was taken away to Babylonian captivity? No

Did the people repent when the second Babylonian expedition appeared before Jerusalem and Jehoiachin was deposed and Zedekiah installed as a puppet king in his place in 597 B.C.? No

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