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Summary: Christology: the thinking and teaching of the person and work of Jesus Christ

Doctrine of Christ

Christology: the thinking and teaching of the person and work of Jesus Christ

1. His deity

The Spirit of God and the Son of God share the same essence of the Father.

He is eternal Micah 5:2 John 1:1 John 8:58

He is immutable Hebrews 13:8

He is holy Luke 1:35 John 6:69

He is sovereign Colossians 1:15-18

He is love Romans 8:35-39

Colossians 2:9

2. His humanity

Hypostatic union of Christ: Jesus the Messiah is both simultaneously and fully God and human

The taking on flesh John 1:14 Galatians 4:4 1 John 4:2 2 John 7 Philippians 2:5-11

The keeping the flesh Acts 1:9-11 1 Timothy 2:5

3. His role in creation

John 1:3, 10 Colossians 1:16

4. His role in salvation

John 3:16 Romans 5:8 1 Peter 3:18 John 14:6

5. His role in the church

The Body: The Head Colossians 1:18 Ephesians 1:22-23

The Groom Ephesians 5:25-27

The Believer: EVERYTHING

He is our Savior 1 Timothy 1:15

He is our Shepherd John 10:11

He is our Source John 15:5

He is our Mediator 1 Timothy 2:5

He is our Groom Ephesians 6:6

6. His return

He’s preparing a place! John 14:1-3

He’s coming back for us! 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18

He’s going to reign in justice forever! Revelation 19:11-16

A few months ago I taught on the doctrine and person of the Holy Spirit. I received such affirmation about it that I thought I would take some of our Sundays between sermon series to take on more doctrinal issues.

So this morning I want us to focus on the doctrine of Christ. The technical term is Christology: the thinking and teaching of the person and work of Jesus Christ. The word Christ (Greek) = Messiah (Hebrew)

We could spend a year diving into the depth of the person and work of Jesus, but this morning in the 30 minutes I have, I want to make sure that we’ve covered the basic tenets of what the Bible says about Jesus. So fasten your seatbelts.

1. His deity

When we use the word deity: divine status or nature; God. Obviously that status does not refer to human beings or anything earthly. You might say that German chocolate cake is divine, and what you are saying is that it is not of this world it tastes so good. But truly, divine means something NOT of this world; and in this context, we use it to identify Jesus as God.

That means that Jesus is equal to God the Father. We said this about the Holy Spirit as well. That when you dive into the Scripture from Genesis to Revelation, you see that The Spirit of God and the Son of God share the same essence of the Father.

What does essence mean? They possess the same attributes. Example from nature? Won’t go through all the attributes of God, but will highlight a few (build)

He is eternal Micah 5:2 (on screen) John 1:1 (on screen) John 8:58 (on screen) Had a staff member who thought Jesus began at 1st advent…

He is immutable Hebrews 13:8 (on screen)

He is holy Luke 1:35 (on screen) John 6:69 (on screen)

He is sovereign Colossians 1:15-18 (on screen)

He is love Romans 8:35-39 (On screen)

Colossians 2:9 sums it up: “For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ”

2. His humanity

Now this is a difficult thing to grasp. How could Jesus be fully divine, fully God, and yet be fully human? Hypostatic union of Christ: Jesus the Messiah is both simultaneously and fully God and human. (build)

The taking on flesh John 1:14 (on screen). Galatians 4:4 (on screen) 1 John 4:2 (on screen) 2 John 7 (on screen) Philippians 2:5-11 (on screen)

We see His humanity in the temptation (Matt.4)…hungry; at the well (John 4) tired…in His torture…at the cross (I thirst)

Virgin birth: element of sin passed through father; child in uterus separate, distinct from mother; essentially an incubator…more.

This is critical: Jesus had to be fully divine to be the perfect and final sacrifice for sin—and fully human in order to pay for our personal sin.

The keeping the flesh Acts 1:9-11 (on screen) 1 Timothy 2:5 (on screen)

3. His role in creation

John 1:3, 10 (on screen) Colossians 1:16 (on screen)

Genesis 1:1 says, In the Beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” Speaks of the God-Head. Remember a little later in the creation account: “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness.” But there was one person of the Trinity that was the Actor of creation: Jesus.

Jesus was the Agent the Father deployed to create all things

4. His role in salvation

John 3:16 (on screen) Romans 5:8 (on screen) 1 Peter 3:18 (on screen) John 14:6 (on screen)

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