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Summary: God is merciful. He works with His repentant and obedient servants to bring others into the worship of God.

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JONAH 3 (about 755-760) BC

Repentance-What is repentance? Many people have a different definition than the Bible definition.

Illus: Man felt guilt for cheating on his taxes. He sent a check into the IRS and said “I cheated on my taxes so I am sending this in, if it makes me feel better, I will send in the rest of the money I owe”.

Isaiah 58; Israel had a fast and God did not respect it. Israel asked why. God answered you put on sackcloth and slept in ashes but remained contentious and violent. “I require a fast that includes helping the oppressed, clothing the naked, bringing the stranger into your home, this is the fast I require”.

2 Cor. 7:10 “Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation without regret, but worldly sorrow brings death. (sorry I got caught).

1. V1-3 God’s grace to Jonah

a. V1 God did not give up on Jonah

b. V2 God restored Jonah to his office

c. V3 This was based on Jonah’s obedience

1) In 3:3 Jonah obeyed/ in 1:3 Jonah went out from presence of The Lord (POTL)

Gen 3:8 Adam and Eve went from POTL

Gen 4:16 Cain went out from POTL

Job 1:12 Satan went out from POTL

Jonah 1:3 Jonah went out from POTL

John 13:28-30 Satan entered Judas and he went out literally from POTL

2. V4 God’s warning to Nineveh

a. Yet 40 days Nineveh overthrown (Hebrew-these 5 words)

b. Interesting June 16, 763 BC a total eclipse over Nineveh/ 749 A plague (Holy Spirit working)

3. V5-8 Assyrian Repentance (Nineveh capital city of Assyria)

a. Jonah hated the Assyrians and hoped this was a prophecy

b. But God is merciful, it was not a prophecy but a warning. (God does not have to give warning)

c. Jer. 18:7-10 At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy it; If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them. And at what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to build and to plant it; If it do evil in my sight, that it obey not my voice, then I will repent of the good, wherewith I said I would benefit them.

d. King traded robe for sackcloth and throne for ashes.

e. Nineveh’s astounding response (response came because of a servant of God being obedient)

1) 1:4-5 Disobedience (3 verbs) became afraid, cried out in fear, threw off cargo

2) 3:5 Obedience (3 verbs) believed God, called a fast, put on sackcloth

4. Great revival- Ashur-dan III. Next king, Ashur-narari IV reign had much internal division. Next king went back to old ways and war. They eventually returned to polytheism, but some remained faithful.

Matt. 12:41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and, behold, a greater than Jonah is here.

5. V9 True repentance understands God does not have to forgive. It relies on God’s grace.

a. Micah 6: 8 He hath shown thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?


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