Summary: God's choice and election

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God’s Sovereign Choice

Romans 9:1-33


Today’s passage in Romans 9 can be difficult to deal with

The reason being is that we have a hard time trying to understand God’s infinite mind with our finite mind

Today we will look at God’s Sovereign Choice…which deals with the elect of God and His will being fulfilled even when we don’t understand it


Trans: The first thing that Paul shows us in Romans 9 is…

1. Israel’s Rejection of Christ (1-5)

Paul in the first 5 verses deals with a subject that he did not really want to deal with

Paul was a Jew and he loved Jews (read vs 3)

He wishes he could sacrifice his own life for the sake of the Jewish nation

The Jewish nation was God’s chosen…and Paul was creating an uproar preaching to Gentiles

What was he preaching? The way of salvation is found in Christ

Remember the Jews rejected Christ…they were the ones that had Him crucified

Even though the Jews have rejected Christ, He is still faithful to fulfill His promises to them

And regardless of what they think, vs 5 tells us that the Messiah came, who is God, and is over all

Trans: Second, we see that Paul then turns to…

2. God’s Gracious Election of Israel (6-13)

Paul explains in these verses that God’s election of Israel is a sure calling…but not all who descend from Israel are Israel

He is talking about those who may be physically born Jews are not necessarily those that are called to be the Spiritual Israel

He goes on to say it is not the physical children who are God’s children but the children of the promised seed

That means “children of the spiritual” seed that comes through rebirth in Christ

Just because you are born a Jew doesn’t mean you are granted eternal life

We must all, Jew and Gentile alike, receive what Christ did on the cross in the payment of our sins

Turn to Matthew 3:8-10 (Expound)

The promise of the seed of Abraham is a spiritual seed that comes through the off-spring of Christ

Turn to John 1:11-13 (Expound)

Then Paul quotes a verse that is very hard for us to understand

Vs 13 Paul shows that Jacob and Esau were both of Jewish descent but God loved Jacob and not Esau…but hated him (hate literally means hate or detest)

Jacob here is a representation of the elect or chosen of God and Esau is a representation of those that are not the elect

God chose them before they were even born…before they had done anything good or bad…He chose one He loved…one He hated…He is God and we are not

Trans: Lastly, we see that even though we can’t understand it, Paul says…

3. God’s Selection is Just (14-29)

Paul then says because of these previous verses are God unjust…Absolutely not!


Paul quotes what God tells Moses in vs 15 (read)

Mercy – to not get what you deserve – we deserve death – (Expound)

Compassion – means “to pity or have pity upon” – God had pity on us

Vs 16 is a very important verse as Paul says “…it does not depend on human will or effort but ON GOD who shows mercy”

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