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Summary: An outline and brief exegesis of 1 Samuel 17:55-18:30

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Good Relationships and Strained Relationships

1 Samuel 17:55 – 18:30

29 April 09

I. His Relationship With Saul ……………………………………..1 Samuel 17:55–58

II. His Relationship With Jonathan…………………………………1 Samuel 18:1-4

III. His Changed Relationship With Saul……………………………1 Samuel 18: 8-16

IV. His Relationship With Michal ………………………………………1 Samuel 18:17-30

Intro: When David killed Goliath, his whole life changed. His success brought him new responsibilities and created a whole new life for him.

I. His Relationship With Saul …………………………………1 Samuel 17:55 – 58

Verses 55 and 56 are a flashback. Saul is speaking with his General, Abner, prior to David’s encounter with Goliath. At that time, the King ordered Abner to find out what family David belonged to. Verse 57 returns us to the present in the story. We learn that Abner immediately brought David before the king, because he was still holding Goliath’s head in his hand.

Why did Saul want to know who his father was? In verse 25, he promised tax exempt status to the family of the one who would fight Goliath. Saul probably asked so that an edict could be formulated on behalf of Jesse’s family and he may also have wanted to know more about David’s family background since David would marry one of his daughters.

This passage also demonstrates that the Lord’s Spirit was no longer with Saul. Being devoid of the Spirit, Saul also seemed to be intellectually incompetent. The image of King Saul here is sharply contrasted to the image of David later in his life. 2 Sam 14:20 states that King David “was like an angel of God, empowered to know everything in the land”.

IV. His Relationship With Jonathan…………………………………1 Samuel 18:1-4

Immediately after David’s conversation with the king, his relationship with the royal family changed forever. First, Jonathan, Saul’s firstborn son found in David a great friend. A proper translation of 18:1 would be that their souls were knit together. David and Jonathan had a lot in common, they were both young and courageous, and capable young soldiers, and they both possessed a strong faith in the Lord. They both initiated attacks against the philistines that resulted in great victories for Israel.

Jonathan loved David. That love inspired him to make a covenant with David, one that was expressed with extravagant gifts. In one day, David acquired Goliaths sword, as well as Jonathan’s sword. He had been permitted, even though he refused, to wear the kings clothing, now he was given the princes clothes. The fact that Jonathan gave him the clothing and armaments reserved for the heir to Saul’s throne clearly possesses symbolic significance.

Not only did David’s relationship with Jonathan change that day, so did his relationship with the King. He became a member of the royal household. Everything was great, until people started singing praises to him!

V. His Changed Relationship With Saul……………………………1 Samuel 18: 8-16

David’s – and thus Saul’s – phenomenal success was celebrated by all. After the Philistine campaign was concluded, and the army was returning, the women of Israel met them with songs of celebrations. What did they sing? Saul has struck down thousands and David ten thousands.


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