Summary: Series in Romans

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Text: Romans 9:1-16

Title: Is God Fair?

Romans 9:1-16 I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. 3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed, separated from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh, 4 who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the promises, 5 whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen. 6 But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel; 7 neither are they all children because they are Abraham’s descendants, but: "through Isaac your descendants will be named." 8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of the promise are regarded as descendants. 9 For this is a word of promise: "At this time I will come, and Sarah shall have a son." 10 And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; 11 for though the twins were not yet born, and had not done anything good or bad, in order that God’s purpose according to His choice might stand, not because of works, but because of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, "The older will serve the younger." 13 Just as it is written, "Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated." 14 What shall we say then? There is no injustice with God, is there? May it never be! 15 For He says to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion." 16 So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy.

I. Paul’s Sorrow Over Israel

II. God’s Promises to Israel

III. God’s Faithfulness illustrated in His Sovereign Will

It’s been a few weeks since we left off in the book of Romans. The last time we finished off chapter 8 and this week we will start into chapter 9. Before we dig in it is absolutely essential that we spend a minute reviewing. Chapter 9 has historically been a controversial chapter. I think a big reason for much of the confusion with this passage has to do with people who take it out of its context in the book and try to twist it into something it’s not.

As I’ve mentioned all throughout our journey through Romans, Paul is building a theological house for us. The book of Romans is popular with theologians because it is one of the more systematic accounts of Christianity. When we finish this book I’m going to give a quiz to see if you’ve been paying attention.

The reason I wanted to study the book of Romans is because I know that many of us have a theological picture in our minds that looks like this…MC Escher painting. We have different theological staircases that lead to nowhere. We have a lot of random ideas that don’t seem to connect. It makes perfect sense as long as you only look at one piece of the picture at a time, but when you step back and look at the big picture it makes your brain hurt.

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