Summary: A sermon for the fourth Sunday in Advent, based on Micah 5:2-5a.
Sermon for Advent IV Yr C, 21/12/2003
Based on Micah 5:2-5a
Garth Wehrfritz-Hanson, pastor of Grace Lutheran Church & chaplain of the Good Samaritan Society’s South Ridge Village, Medicine Hat, Alberta
The Time is the 8th century before Christ’s birth. The place is Judah, which was commonly referred to as the Southern Kingdom. Assyria had arisen as a world military and political power. In fact, Assyria had successfully invaded the Northern Kingdom, Israel, destroying homes, families, villages and cities—taking the surviving people off into exile. From Israel, the Assyrian army moved southward, into Judah and executed several campaigns there. The Assyrians wanted to expand their empire right into Egypt.
The people of Judah were living under a dark, menacing cloud. The future looked bleak. As the war went on, more and more people were killed, homes and possessions destroyed, family relationships broken. The people of Judah, so they thought, were on the brink of destruction. In the midst of this situation, God sends a prophet named Micah. Micah criticized Judah’s moral and social decay. In his sermons, he railed against the worship of idols—warning the people of the tragic consequences of their apostasy. In addition to this, however, Micah promised that God still loved his people and offered them hope for the future.
It is this theme of God’s love and hope that we focus on now. In the midst of the people crying out in despair, “there is no hope, there is no tomorrow for Judah! We are lost and doomed!” Micah comes preaching a message of Good News—offering Judah God’s love, hope and deliverance.
Sitting on the ash heaps, covered with soot and smoke from the smouldering homes and burned dreams, Micah the prophet came sharing hope. He said, “From Bethlehem shall come forth a king who is to be the ruler of Israel, whose origin is from of old, from ancient of days.”
The people of Judah had seen many kings crowned and anointed, and all of them had become corrupt and had failed. 1
“So, will this new king of the future be any better? And besides, it might be too late for a king anyway—since it looks as if the Assyrians are going to destroy us. We’re doomed! What hope do we have against such a powerful enemy?” Such was the line of thought of many people in Judah.
But Micah is saying of this king: “And he shall stand and feed his flock, in the strength of the Lord, and they shall dwell secure, for now he shall be great to the ends of the earth.” He tells the people that they will go into exile for a time. However, he also tells them that the exiles—the remnant of Israel will return and join their other Israelite kindred back in the homeland.
Micah is saying, “Yes, we do have to face some dark and difficult times ahead of us. However, it is only a matter of time. There is still hope for us in the future and God’s love will prevail. No matter how grim our present situation looks don’t lose hope for the future; don’t forget that God still loves us.”
Micah is saying: “Even while you experience and face the greatest darkness, God is working to provide a better future for you and for your nation. God will send you a Deliverer. He will come from the least-expected place, from the tiny village of Bethlehem. He will seem like the least likely sort to rule over you. Yet, it is he who shall be the Shepherd and Messiah-King. You shall be given your freedom. He shall deliver you from your enemies, protect and feed you. He shall usher in his perfect kingdom, where everyone shall live in perfect peace and security. Keep your hope in him alive, don’t forget that he will act to demonstrate his great love for you.”