Summary: Picture # 1 in the series: The 14 Candid Snapshots of the Maturing Christian as found in the Gospel of John. Jesus changes the water to wine, which is the results of believing, and what happens in the heart of a person who believes that Jesus is Christ.

Beginning the Second “P” “The Public Ministry of Jesus”

Picture # 1: The Results Of Believing; and What Happens To The Person Who Believes That Jesus Christ Is The Christ!

Text: John 2:1-11

Jesus Changes Water to Wine

Review: What is the purpose of John’s writing his Gospel?

John 20:31 That one might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and by believing, one might have eternal life.

The world situation of Jesus’ day:

The Jew/Gentile problem/Jamnia:

The Jews in Jesus’ day were looking for the kingdom in behalf of themselves, and they thought that God would restore their religion and establish an earthly kingdom.

The Jews looked for the Messiah to be a military leader who would establish an earthly reign of peace and power.

At the Wedding Feast at Cana, we see that Jesus is the Messiah and He has come into His power.

It should be noted that Cana is in Galilee and is a place of living for the Gentiles; so it’s very significant that the first miracle is in a place filled with people other than Jewish people.

That’s a statement to us that the kingdom of God is not conformed to one people or one nation, but is filled with all peoples.

The symbolism in this miracle is an example of the spiritual marriage of the believer to Christ; where the believer is the bride of Christ, and Christ is the bridegroom (Romans 7:4).

“So, my brothers, you also died to the law through the body of Christ, that you might belong to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit to God” (Romans 7:4).

This is a miracle in which Jesus turns approximately 180 gallons of water into the finest wine.

That’s 720 quart bottles of wine, or 11,520 eight-ounce glasses of wine.

That’s a lot of wine, and remember that the wedding is almost half over.

This abundance of wine is symbolic of God’s love and grace.

There is always enough of God’s love, mercy and grace for everyone, and there is always some of God’s love, mercy and grace left over.

One little girl told her Sunday School teacher that this was her favorite story in the Bible.

Her teacher said, “Yes, that’s a wonderful miracle, isn’t it!”

Then she asked the little girl what that miracle tells us.

The little girl said, “When you’re out of wine, all you have to do is get down on your knees and pray!”

I spent about 4 hours looking at articles and commentaries researching the meaning of this miracle, and I guess I could have saved myself a lot of time by asking this little girl for an interpretation.

For this little girl, the answer was simple.

When you’re in need, all you have to do is get down on your knees and pray; for she knew that Jesus would provide.

A Jewish wedding in the time of Jesus was a lot different from our weddings today.

In the time of Jesus, a wedding was an event in which the whole town participated.

The wedding ceremony would take place late in the evening after a time of great feasting.

The father of the bride would take his daughter on his arm, and with the entire wedding party following behind them, they would parade through the streets of their home town so everyone could come out and congratulate the bride.

The wedding party would take the longest route through the village, so as many people as possible could wish them well.

Then, the wedding party would arrive at the home of the groom, and the actual wedding would take place in the archway of the front door of the groom’s house.

It was no short ceremony, and festivities lasted for days; for it was a time of great celebration.

The groom’s family was expected to provide all the refreshments for this week of festivities, and to run out of food or drink for the wedding guests was a social nightmare.

Think of all the things that can go wrong at a wedding today.

At the many weddings I have officiated, here are some of the things I have seen go wrong:

1. The groom didn’t have his shirt, and had to go and get it 20 minutes before the actual wedding, and his shirt was about 20 miles from the church.

2. The bride and the groom cry during the actual service.

3. The new in-laws are arguing with one another before the wedding and during the wedding reception.

4. The photographer is inconsiderate and takes flash pictures during the actual ceremony.

5. Family members stand up on the pews and take pictures when they have been asked not to take flash photography during the ceremony.

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