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Summary: The death of Jesus is proven by the information which John gives concerning the details of His burial.

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7 17 2016 “Jesus, Dead and Buried” John 19:30 -42

We ended our last study with John 19:30: “So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.”

When Jesus died He not only completed all of the work on earth which the Father had prepared for Him to do, but Jesus completed the vicarious (that is, substitutionary) work on the cross on behalf of sinners. John does not supply the last works of Jesus, “Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit,” but he explains them in the words, “HE GAVE UP HIS SPIRIT.” The death of Jesus was a conscious act, a self-offering to the Father. Jesus voluntarily gave up His spirit, explaining that Jesus had control over His situation and had exercised His supreme authority over His life and now His death; now He gave up that control. Jesus had given up His life for sinners who would believe into Him for forgiveness.

Fulfilled Prophecies Continue

We continue to 31: Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, (this would be Friday before the Sabbath on Saturday) that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe. 36 For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, "Not one of His bones shall be broken." 37 And again another Scripture says, "They shall look on Him whom they pierced."

Prophecies continued to be fulfilled after Jesus gave up His spirit. God intricately weaves the drama of Redemption throughout the pages of Scripture. How wonderful to see all these little details fulfilled by the one Savior who would redeem. Some of the details seem insignificant, but the fact that ALL of the prophecies predicted in the Old Testament concerning the Promised Messiah are ALL fulfilled in Christ, makes the case for Jesus’ Person and Purpose; All of the details make the case for the Gospel!

Here we see that Jesus’ legs were not broken. Back in Psalm 34:20 (look at verse 19 too), John applies this verse to the Lord Jesus: “Many are the afflictions of the righteous, But the Lord delivers him out of them all. 20 He guards all his bones; Not one of them is broken.” Jesus truly was the only One who is righteous yet all of our sins and afflictions were placed upon Him. We know that the Lord delivered Jesus “out of them all” because the grave of Jesus would be empty on the first day of the week.

Not breaking one of Jesus’ bones goes back to the celebration of the Passover Lamb. Remember that the Lamb was to be without blemish, and in Exodus 12:46b, God had instructed: “Nor shall you break one of its bones.” And so Jesus, as the Passover Lamb, did not have one of His bones broken in order to fulfill the law perfectly. Numbers 9:12 mentioned the same: They shall not “break one of its bones.”


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