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Summary: John shows us the Lord of the Marriage, invite him to the wedding and invite him to the marriage.

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Jesus Lord of the Marriage Supper

JN 2:1 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, "They have no more wine."

JN 2:4 "Dear woman, why do you involve me?" Jesus replied. "My time has not yet come."

JN 2:5 His mother said to the servants, "Do whatever he tells you."

JN 2:6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.

JN 2:7 Jesus said to the servants, "Fill the jars with water"; so they filled them to the brim.

JN 2:8 Then he told them, "Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet."

They did so, 9 and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, "Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now."

JN 2:11 This, the first of his miraculous signs, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee. He thus revealed his glory, and his disciples put their faith in him.

Weddings have memorable moments. One time an organist started playing the Bridal March, but there was no bride walking down the aisle. One wedding, the groom walked down the aisle and everyone thought he was leaving; he went to get the bride. One wedding the groom stepped on the bridal veil train, which was pinned to her wig; it came off just as the couple stepped off the platform. This wedding also had its memorable moment. They ran out of wine. This would have been a serious blunder in that culture. It may have been the groom’s fault or the caterer’s. It is said, without wine there is no joy. Yet John records that it is at a wedding that Jesus performs his first miracle. J.C. Maculay said; “he came to comfort our sorrows and to sanctify our joys. Wedding feasts in that culture would last for days, no actual honeymoon, just open house for about a week.

Notice Mary and the role she will play. Mary plays an important role in this celebration. Maybe she had some responsibility to the caterer and therefore felt an obligation to deal with the situation. Some take this to say She is our mediator between Christ and us. Whatever her role, it is later when she shows importance. Some would say that Jesus was discourteous to Mary with his response. It may have been a mild rebuke, but it also showed that Jesus was subject to the Divine will of the Father. Mary then will say the most important words, the most excellent advice she can have for us today. Do whatever he tells you.

Luther bids us to imitate her faith. She was not daunted by what seems to be a refusal, but a better answer to prayer. Though his time had not yet come, she wants the servants to be ready when it had arrived. The same is true for us; we are to be ready when God is ready to work in our lives. Sometimes it is when all other help has been exhausted, when the Doctors say they can do no more, that is when God is ready to do His Will.


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