Summary: EPIPHANY 3 - Jesus reveals his glory at a wedding by his presence and with his present.


January 23, 2011 -

Epiphany 3 -

JOHN 2:1-11

INTRO: Jesus’ public ministry in the flesh on earth lasted about three years. The gospels give us a detailed look at some important events in Jesus’ earthly life. We learn of Jesus’ birth, death, resurrection, and ascension. In these humble events Jesus revealed his glory by carrying out the will of his heavenly Father. Jesus was the Son of God. Scripture shows us the true man, Jesus, never acted on his own. "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and… he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him" (ACTS 10:38). God was with his Son.


I. By his presence. II. With his present.


A. Verse 1a. “On the third day” was the third day following Jesus’ calling his early disciples (1:35ff).

1. Verses 1b, 2. Jesus’ mother and disciples had received invitations. They attended the event.

2. Cana was a town less than 10 miles from Nazareth. Cana was a small, unimportant village.

B. Verse 3. Running out of wine was social disaster. Why was there not enough wine?

1. A wedding celebration often last a week, seven days. During 7 days many guests came.

2. It was hard to prepare for an unknown number. They freely drank of the wine provided.

C. Verse 4. Mary turns to her son Jesus for help. She knows that Jesus would have the answer.

1. The Greek says: What, me and you?” Jesus work was to be about his Father’s business.

2. “Dear woman” was the same term Jesus would use on the cross at his death (John 19:26).

3. On the cross Jesus’ time would truly come for full payment of all the sins of all mankind.

D. Verse 5. Mary tells the servants to listen to Jesus’ words. She knows his presence is important.

E. God is present with us in his word. Jesus makes his presence known among us in the sacraments of Baptism and Holy Communion. The presence of the Lord God Almighty moves us to worship God with awe and respect. The perfectness of God also reminds each of us of our imperfect lives. Jesus is sinless. We are sinful. Our sinfulness makes us unworthy before God. "Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD; O Lord, hear my voice. Let your ears be attentive to my cry for mercy. If you, O LORD, kept a record of sins, O Lord, who could stand?" (PSALM 130:1-3). Jesus’ glory overshadows our imperfectness.

F. What is the glory of God? All too often we might think like humans rather than like God. All too many look for God’s glory in only the great and powerful things of this world. Time and again we need to adjust our human thinking to become more like God’s. "After the wind there was an earthquake, but the LORD was not in the earthquake. After the earthquake came a fire, but the LORD was not in the fire. And after the fire came a gentle whisper"(1 KINGS 19:11b, 12). Jesus reveals God’s great glory to us in his word. Jesus is God’s word that became flesh. Jesus’ humble birth in Bethlehem was God’s glory come to live among us. Jesus lives in us. This is God’s glory quietly living in our hearts. God’s gentle whisper reveals his great glory. Jesus calls the disciples. They follow (Matthew 4:12-23, Gospel).

G. From time to time you and I want to strike out on our own. We may even turn away from God. Our sinful nature wants us to do whatever we want right now. Jesus describes our willful rebellion as traveling down the wide, broad path of destruction. We may turn away from God for a time. God never forgets or ever abandons us. "Keep your lives free from the love of money and be content with what you have, because God has said, ‘Never will I leave you; never will I forsake you’"(HEBREWS 13:5). Jesus calls and calls. Jesus searches and searches. Jesus nudges us back onto the straight and narrow path of life.



A. Verse 6. The Jews were very concerned about ceremonial washing. They needed lots of water.

1. Verse 7. Jesus spoke. The servants listened. It took time to fill the jars with water.

2. Verse 8. Jesus spoke again. The servants listened and obeyed. Such was Jesus’ presence.

B. Verse 9. The water was now wine. There was no great show in doing this miracle. It happened.

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