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Summary: Introduction to Jude

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Jude - Defense

INTRODUCTION: Jude was intended to be an encouraging and uplifting message on the theme of Salvation. But when he began to write, the Holy Spirit impressed on him the need for a hard-hitting warning about false teachers. The message here is short and to the point, stinging and powerful.

I. The Author of the Book -

A. Jude: There are 7 men named Jude (Judas) in the NT:

1. An ancestor of Jesus (Luke 3:30);

2. The betrayer (Mark 3:19);

3. Thaddaeus, one of the 12 Apostles (Luke 6:16; John 14:22; Acts 1:13);

4. A Galilean insurrectionist (Acts 5:37);

5. A native of Damascus (Acts 9:11);

6. A prophet chosen to verify the message of the Jerusalem Counsel (Acts 15:22-27, 32);

7. The brother of James, and ½ brother of Jesus (Mark 6:3).

B. Biographical information about the Author includes:

1. He was the son of Joseph and Mary (Mat 1:25; 12:47; 13:55);

2. He wrote in a similar style as James his brother;

3. He was a humble man:

· No mention of his family relationship with Jesus;

· No claim to apostleship;

· Content to call himself a “servant” of Christ.

4. He traveled with his wife on an itinerant preaching ministry (1 Cor 9:5).

II. The Recipient of the Book

A. No formal address as found in most NT Epistles.

B. To those sanctified, preserved & called (v.1).

III. The Date & Place of Writing

A. Date: Probably in the year 68-70 AD. It seems that he was familiar with 2 Peter (vv. 4-18; cf. 2 Pet 2:1- 3:4).

B. Place: Uncertain

IV. The Purpose of the Book

A. To exhort Believers to contend for the faith (v.3);

B. To warn about the danger of false teachers (v. 4);

C. To remind Believers of God’s past judgment on sin (vv. 5-19);

D. To encourage Christian compassion (vv. 20-23).

V. The Keys to the Book

A. The key thought = It is more important that we do what is needful than what is pleasant!

B. The key phrase = “Earnestly contend for the faith” (v.3)

C. The key verse = v. 3

D. Key Word =

1. Ungodly - 6 times

VI. The Outline to the Book

A. Entering the faith (vv. 1-2)

1. Sanctification (v. 1)

2. Preservation (v. 1)

3. Calling (v. 1)

4. Blessing (v. 2)

B. Defending the faith (vv. 3-4)

1. A united defense (v. 3)

2. A determined defense (v. 3)

3. A forewarned defense (v. 4)

C. Departing from the faith (vv. 5-15)

1. Doom of the false teachers (vv. 5-7)

2. Denunciation of the false teachers (vv. 8-10)

3. Description of the false teachers (vv. 11-15)

D. Denying the faith (vv. 16-19)

1. Murmurers (v. 16)

2. Mockers (vv. 17-18)

3. Lustful (v. 18)

4. Unspiritual (v. 19)

E. Propagating the faith (vv. 20-25)

1. Keep growing (v. 20)

2. Keep praying (v. 20)

3. Keep loving (vv. 21-23)

4. Keep trusting (v. 24-25)

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