Summary: Exposition of Psalm 2. (PowerPoint slides to accompany this talk are available on request: email -

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(1). Conspiracy – The Voice of Nations (vs 1-3):

(2). Mockery – The Voice of the Father (vs 4-6)

(3). Victory - The Voice of the Son (7-9):

(4). Opportunity - The Voice of the Spirit (10-12);



• In its first 300 hundred years the Christian church endured repeated waves of persecution

• But perhaps the worst came while Diocletian was emperor of Rome (A.D.284-305).

• Convinced that the Christians were conspiring against him,

• Diocletian sought to annihilate them throughout his empire,

• History records that he ordered entire towns to be massacred.

• But, as Psalm 2 verse 4 recognizes,

• The one who rules in heaven is sovereign over the wicked,

• And he will have the last laugh.

• Back home in Diocletian’s palace;

• His own wife and daughter were turning to Christ.

• And after his death a new emperor by the name of Constantine took the throne.

• Constantine became a Christian,

• And Christianity eventually became the favoured religion of the entire Roman Empire.

• All Diocletian’s plotting was in ;

• Long term he was unsuccessful and ineffective!

We are starting a new series on Messianic Psalms (‘Psalms that speak of Jesus’):

• We know for certain which Psalms specifically speak of Jesus:

• Because the New Testament clearly tells us.

• This Psalm is quoted seven times in the New Testament;

• And each quote refers to Jesus - the references are:

• Acts chapter 4 verses 24-27.

• Acts chapter 13 verses 33.

• Hebrews chapter 1 verse 5.

• Hebrews chapter 5 verse 5,

• Revelation chapter 2 verse 27;

• Revelation chapter 12 verse 5,

• Revelation chapter 19 verse 15.

Now as we look at the Psalm:

• Notice that Psalm 2 contains twelve verses:

• They naturally divide into four sections of three verses each,

• And in each section we can hear a different voice speaking.

(1). Conspiracy - THE VOICE OF THE NATIONS

(vs 1-3):

Why do the nations conspire and the peoples plot in vain?

2 The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the LORD and against his Anointed One.

3 Let us break their chains, they say, and throw off their fetters.

• Verse 1 tells us that it is the Gentiles (non-Jews) that the psalmist has in view;

• King James Bible uses the word "Heathen" N.I.V. "Nations".

• In Old Testament times;

• Anyone who wasn’t Jewish, would be called a heathen by Jews (i.e. Psalmist).

• So the psalmist is talking about Gentiles in these verses;

• Gentiles who are rebelling and plotting against God.

This rebellion causes the psalmist to ask a question:

• The question he asks is ‘Why?’

• But I don’t think he is expecting a reply,

• He asks the question because he is astonished at how people treat God;

• The God who gives us life and sustains us day by day,

• The God who would through his ‘anointed one’;

• Would make possible forgiveness of sins and the certainty of eternal life;

• So the psalmist asks the question:

• Why then would human beings engage in anything as useless and time wasting,

• As trying to throw off the rule of God in their lives?


• The idea here is of a stubborn and raging animal;

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