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Summary: Outline: • Murderous un-love, 11-15 • Sacrificial love, 16-17 • Confirming love, 18-20 • Love¡¦s outcome, 21-24

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I¡¦d like to begin by quoting an 8-year old theologian: ¡§There are two kinds of love. Our love. God¡¦s love. But God makes both of them.¡¨ God is the Source of love. This is something we¡¦ve known from the beginning of our Christian experience.

čMurderous un-love, verses 11-15

An old Burt Bacharach song laments, ¡§What the world needs now is love, sweet love; that¡¦s the only thing that there¡¦s just too little of.¡¨ Enmity among people is all-too commonplace, and is evident as early as Cain and Abel. Cain¡¦s resentment led him to murder; he is the ¡§prototype¡¨ of the world (Boice). This is what failure to love can lead to. Everyone who hates is a murderer. Jesus amplified the commandment ¡§Thou shalt not kill¡¨ by adding to it His command not to hate, which gets to the root of murder (Mt 5:-22). If I hate someone, I¡¦m no different than a murderer in my attitude. Thomas Merton observed, ¡§All sorrow, hardship, difficulty, struggle, pain, unhappiness, and ultimately death itself can be traced to rebellion against God¡¦s love for us.¡¨

John¡¦s readers were living in a morally corrupt, pagan culture. Our loveless world shows animosity toward us because we do not conform to its pattern. We¡¦ve all been guilty of being taken by surprise when nonbelievers mistreat us. It¡¦s as though we expect nonbelievers to behave toward us as though they shared our faith. We shouldn¡¦t expect this cut-throat, selfish world to be a comfortable working environment.

Those who refuse to love ¡§remain in death¡¨, verse 14. What does it mean to ¡§remain in death¡¨? It means to retain the deathstyle of our old, unregenerate life. People who live with hatred are slowly killing themselves. A spiteful German word has entered the American vocabulary: shadenfreude, which is pleasure derived from someone else¡¦s pain and misfortune. Shadenfreude has no place in the Christian life. Followers of Christ have passed from spiritual death to newness of life. Those who refuse to love show their true nature. We can undergo DNA testing to prove we¡¦re not guilty of committing a murder, but God¡¦s evidence comes from His examination of our hearts. So we haven¡¦t shot anyone, but we may be guilty of character assassination.

John states that by loving, we show that we have ¡§passed from death to life¡¨ in verse 14. The Greek word ¡§passed¡¨ was used by Plato to describe a change from one government to another. We are no longer under the hostile rule of sin, but have become subjects of the King of love. In the comic strip Peanuts, Linus declared, ¡§I love mankind; it¡¦s people I can¡¦t stand.¡¨ It¡¦s easier to love humankind in general than to love particular individuals. God wants to love someone through us this week. Someone specific.

čSacrificial love, verses 16-17

True love involves sacrifice, reaching out even to those who don¡¦t reach back. John has described love negatively by Cain¡¦s un-love, and now positively by the supreme Example of costly love in our Savior¡¦s death. Nearly every mention of love in the New Testament makes some reference to the Cross. How do we ¡§lay down our lives¡¨ for others? John isn¡¦t just telling us to throw ourselves on a grenade to save our fellow-soldiers. He¡¦s calling us to a selfless lifestyle in general. Laying down our lives for others may involve giving of our time. No matter how hateful and self-gratifying the unbelieving world becomes, we¡¦re determined to live differently by demonstrating self-giving love. When was the last time we made a sacrifice to assist someone? An early church father observed: ¡§There are those who seek knowledge for the sake of knowledge--that is curiosity. There are those who seek knowledge to be known by others--that is vanity. There are those who seek knowledge in order to serve--that is love¡¨ (Bernard of Clairvaux).


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