Summary: A look at the parable of the prayers of the publican and Pharisee

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Luke 18:9-14

Scripture Reading: Psalm 51:1-19


1. Pharisees were proud people whose name means "separated ones"

a. They were no ordinary people, they were special (in their own minds)

b. Accused of building a wall of traditions around the law

c. According to Matthew 15:3 they transgress the commandments of the law for the sake of their traditions

2. They would wash their hands two times

a. Once was to clean them, pouring water over their hands and washing, rubbing one hand with the other until it was clean, holding their hands up so the water ran down to the elbow

b. Then washing again to remove the water defiled in the first washing by the dirt on the hands this time holding the hands down so that the water ran off the fingertips

c. Any other combination was unacceptable and the hands were not considered clean

3. The Publican was the opposite of the Pharisee

a. He was a contracted agent of a conquering government

b. Similar to if Germany had won WWII and one of us took a job as a Nazi operative collecting taxes for Hitler

c. They were considered liars, cheats, and thieves

d. No one who was not a Publican liked Publicans

4. So here is the scene

a. The Publican is on his knees, not nearing the altar

b. No one notices the Publican because no one cares about him

c. The Pharisee shows up at just the right time to worship

d. He flows up to the temple with his robes dancing in the wind

e. All eyes are fixed on him as he makes his grand entrance

5. Then two prayers are uttered that change the whole structure

TRANSITION: Look at the prayers with me

I. The Pharisee’s prayer

A. Notice what he does

1. He takes his customary position

a. He stands large and tall for all to see

b. His aim was for everyone to see him

c. And so that he could see everyone

2. Then look at the next statement

a. "The Pharisee stood and was praying this to himself…"

b. He was praying to himself, not to God

c. He was speaking of himself, not of others.

B. He prayed about imperfect goodness.

1. His entire prayer was about things he had not done or he had given up.

2. He was not a swindler, unjust, adulterer, or even like this tax collector

3. He fasts twice a week and pays tithes of all he gets.

a. He has given up so much, he is just so wonderful

b. He has done nothing wrong

4. A famous Rabbi named Hillel summed up the law in this way, "Do not to thy neighbor what is disagreeable to thee."

a. This is the anti-golden rule

b. In Matthew 7:12 Jesus does not teach that we only refrain from doing things to people that we do not want done to us

c. But that we do for people as we would like for them to do for us

d. In other words, do not just keep from harm, but help to make better

5. The parable of the talents illustrates this

a. Those that used what they had were rewarded for increasing by use

b. The one who had only one talent did not do anything wrong, he just did not do anything

c. By not doing anything he was cast out into outer darkness

d. Guy Woods illustrated it this way

i. A dummy in a store window does not steal, kill, slander, or backbite

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