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Summary: Moses and Joshua began ministry in God's presence.

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A. THEIR SIMILARITIES

1. Began ministry in God’s presence. Moses, “God called out of the midst of the bush” (Ex. 3:4). Joshua, “The Lord spoke unto Joshua . . . arise, go over this Jordan” (Josh. 1:1-2).

2. Both saw a Christophany (appearance of Christ). Moses, “The Angel of the Lord appeared to him (Ex. 3:2). Joshua, “Joshua fell on his face . . . worship . . . what saith my Lord” (Josh. 5:14).

3. Moses led Israel out of Egypt, Joshua led them into Canaan.

4. Led people over a body of water. Moses. “Lift up thy rod . . . over the sea . . . go on dry ground through the sea” (Ex. 14-16). Joshua, “All the people passed over on dry ground . . . over Jordan” (Josh. 3:3:17).

5. Interpreted God’s will. Moses, “The Lord said unto Moses . . . Moses spoke to the children of Israel (Ex. 6:1, 9). Joshua, “The Lord spoke unto Joshua . . . pass over before the Lord your God” (Josh. 4:1, 5).

6. God established their influence. Moses, “Israel saw . . . and they believed the Lord and his servant Moses” (Ex. 14:31). Joshua, “The Lord magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel and they feared him” (Josh. 4:14).

7. Moses sent 12 spies into Canaan – Numbers 13:17, Joshua sent 2 men to spy in Jericho (2:1).

8. Moses gave 2 ½ tribes land on the east side of Jordan River. Joshua confirmed the same.

9. Both called “The servant of the Lord” Moses (Numb. 12:7-8), Joshua (Josh. 24:29).

10. Both gave a final speech. Moses (Deut. 32:1-43, 33:1-29). Joshua (Josh. 23:1-16).

B. DIFFERENCES

Moses Joshua

First generation Second generation

Ministered in wilderness Ministered in the land

Followers had been slaves Followers raised in freedom

Moses held up rod alone Joshua talked with elders

Moses lifted arms over battle Joshua sent Levites around Jericho

Moses lifted rod over Red Sea Joshua sent Levites into river bottom

Rebellion against Moses was judged by God Rebellion judged by corporate punishment of all Israel

Moses interceded alone when people sinned Joshua and elders prayed

Enemies afraid of Moses Gibeonites negotiated with Joshua

C. OBVIOUS LESSONS

1. The family and cultural background prepares leaders differently to do a different task in a different way for God.

2. A leader coming out of an anti-Christian background will be prepared differently to serve God than those raised in Christian homes. He/she will have different motivations.

3. Different leaders have different strengths, and God uses a leader accordingly to his giftedness (both spiritual and natural talents).

4. Leaders are equipped to minister to those of his/her generation. God reaches people where they are and lifts them to where they should be.

5. Because culture changes from generation to generation, it takes a new kind of leader to reach each new generation.

6. When a first generation leader dies, the remaining first generation congregation should not expect the second generation leader to minister in the exact same way.


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