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Summary: The first Pentecost is examined in light of its character as the birthday of the Church.

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Homily for Pentecost, or Whitsunday

Psalm 104:1-2, 13-24, 33-34, Acts 2:1-11, 1 Corinthians 12:4-13, John 14:8-17

I was born at 5:45 P.M. on Wednesday, March 5, 1947. For the past 58 years, I have commemorated that birthday with friends and family. You also celebrate your own birthdays and the birthdays of other friends and family. Those days in history are unique. As far as this world is concerned, you are only born once, no matter how many times you subsequently commemorate that event.

And, so it is with the Church. Pentecost from the earliest days of the Church has been known as the Birthday of the Church. The Church is the Body of Christ, and that Body is formed by the work of the Holy Spirit of which Paul speaks in the epistle appointed for today:

12 For as the body is one and has many members, but all the members of that one body, being many, are one body, so also is Christ. 13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free—and have all been made to drink into one Spirit.

That work of the Spirit of Christ began on the Day of Pentecost, in the scene set before us in the first lesson for today, from Luke’s account of that Pentecost recorded for us in Acts. 2.

On this Birthday of the Church I want to spend some moments on the remarkable details in Luke’s account, some of the well known to you, others perhaps not so well-known. Luke begins by telling us that “they were all assembled in one place with one accord.” These persons are identified in the first chapter of Acts where Luke records the names of the eleven disciples, and he also adds that they were with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers. This, then, is the setting for the Day of Pentecost:

The next thing that Luke records would have resonated with those who had heard familiar passages read in the synagogue all their lives. Luke says that “And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.” Early Jewish Christians reading these words would have likely thought of something we do not usually think of. “The House” is a common Jewish term for the Temple, because it is the dwelling place of the Lord on Earth. Jesus referred to the Temple in this way, he was driving out the money changers and telling them, “My father’s house is a house of prayer.”

But, more than calling to mind the Temple, Jewish Christians would have remembered a similar event at the dedication of Solomon’s Temple. When the Ark was carried into the Holy of Holies, we read in Chronicles that: [2 Chron. 2:13] …the house, the house of the LORD, was filled with a cloud, 14 so that the priests could not continue ministering because of the cloud; for the glory of the LORD filled the house of God.”

Here, then, on the Day of Pentecost, the Lord was returning to his Temple, but it is not a Temple made of stones, but a Temple composed of what Peter would later refer to as living stones. The Church is the Temple of the Lord, and God’s Spirit took up his abode in that Temple on the Day of Pentecost following Jesus’ ascension into heaven.


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