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Summary: "Just look at me Lord"

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PHARISEE

THE PRESUMPTUOUS PRAYER

“Just look at me, Lord.”

Date: August 11, 2002

Place: Allendale Baptist Church

Text: Luke 18:9-14

Introduction

I would like to continue in our Sunday night theme Prayers that made a difference. Tonight we will look at a parable of two men, two prayers and two outcomes.

Read Text-Prayer

“In the eyes of Christ a person confessing sin is nearer to true goodness than a person boasting of his goodness.” (F.F. Bruce, Theologian)

The setting is as follows: Jesus had just finished telling His disciples a parable “to show them that they should always pray and not give up” (Luke 18:1). In it the Lord taught the value of persevering in prayer because “God [will] bring about justice for His chosen ones, who cry to him day and night” (Luke 18:7).

The parable that follows, the parable of The Pharisee And The Tax Collector, which we want to look at tonight, is linked to Jesus’ parable about persevering in prayer. Specifically, the parable of The Pharisee And The Tax Collector deals with the attitude with which we offer up our prayers:

The Parable

“To some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everybody else, Jesus told this parable” (Luke 18:9).

Jesus is going to direct His parable specifically at those in the crowd around Him who were self-assured, convinced, of their own moral purity and ethical standing. They were so very proud of their perceived moral standing before God and consequently looked down their noses at most everyone else.

Two Men

"Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.”

A Pharisee was a member of the Jewish faith set apart to maintain and further the divine cause. They were layman zealous about keeping the Scriptures, the oral law and traditions pure. They were the pious ‘church-goers’ of their time that attended every Scripture study and rigorously sought to obey every law of the faith. Pharisees knew how to pray. In fact, they applied themselves to the art of prayer.

We today have grown accustomed to thinking negatively of them as soon as we hear their name. However, Pharisees were highly respected and looked up to in their community. They were the ‘deacons’ or ‘elders’ of the church so-to-speak.

We need to see them as honored members of the Jewish community in order to fully understand this parable. They were the good guys; the best of the best of Jewish citizenry. It is important to remember that Jesus is speaking of one specific Pharisee and not the whole group.

A tax collector was at the other end of the spectrum. He would have been perceived by the community as the worst of the worst of Jewish citizenry, perhaps even lower. Tax collectors, in the Scriptures, were Jews who worked for the ruling Roman authorities. They were considered both extortionist and traitors - extortionist because they were notoriously noted for collecting more taxes than was owned and pocketing the difference – and traitors because they served the occupying power of Rome. Again, Jesus was speaking of one specific tax collector and not the whole bunch.


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