Summary: The Old Testament uses prophecy a great deal, but did you know there is also prophetic teaching in the New Testament. By the prophecy, God made understand his people that: “We need restoration”
What is prophecy?
A. Easton’s Bible Dictionary defines it as a "miracle of knowledge, a declaration or description or
representation of something future, beyond the power of human sagacity to foresee, discern, or
conjecture." The Bible proclaims that a prophet is one who speaks the words of God
The Old Testament uses prophecy a great deal, but did you know there is also prophetic teaching
in the New Testament. By the prophecy, God made understand his people that: “We need
I. The prophecy and fulfillment of it (Ezra 1:1-4)
A. 8th and 7th Century prophets made prophecies concerning the future need of restoration for
1. Jeremiah 25:11-12 (Read)
a. Judah will be laid waste, Judah will serve Babylon for 70 years, but then God will punish
Babylon. Isaiah 44:28-45:1,13 (Read)
a. Cyrus will carry out God’s purpose and will rebuild Jerusalem
c. God will open doors for Cyrus to conquer kingdoms, who will set the Jews free
So just how did God restore His temple? Ezra 1:1-4 (Read)
1. The prophecies of Isaiah come true: Cyrus will carry out God’s purpose. Cyrus will rebuild
Jerusalem. God will open doors for Cyrus to conquer kingdoms. Cyrus will set the Jews free
2. Philippians 2:13 “for it is God who works in you to will and to act according to his good
a. God uses all kinds of people to do his will even though sometimes we may not even understand
b. He used many unrighteous people to inflict judgment on the Israelites.
c. Habakkuk expressed his inability to understand (Habakkuk 1:12-13) (Read)
d. Although God has used the unrighteous to do his will, of course he has used the righteous also
Ruth, Esther, and etc. (Ruth 1:14-18; Est. 4:12-17)
e. The point is that God uses people to complete his will.
3. Not necessarily, a believer in God, Cyrus answers the call given to him by God and gives four
a. Cyrus acknowledged that Yahweh had placed under his authority all the kingdoms of the earth.
b. He realized that Yahweh had appointed him to build his house in Jerusalem.
c. He authorized Yahweh’s people to go up to Jerusalem and rebuild the house of the Lord.
d. He authorized those who chose not to return to Judah the ability to support the remnant and to
make freewill offerings for the reconstruction of the temple.
II. God calls the remnant (1:5-6)
A. Ezra 1:5-6 “Then the family heads of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and Levites--
everyone whose heart God had moved-- prepared to go up and build the house of the LORD in
Jerusalem. All their neighbors assisted them with articles of silver and gold, with goods and
livestock, and with valuable gifts, in addition to all the freewill offerings.”
B. My question is why did not everyone jump at the opportunity to return home from his or her
1. Maybe because they were comfortable and happy.
2. Maybe because they knew that the road ahead was not going to be easy
3. Maybe they had lost their faith
C. Some did rise from the three tribes left of the original twelve.