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Summary: 1 of 2. John the Baptist was instrumental in preparing the way for the Lord’s visitation. God’s visitation received adequate preparation. How has God’s visitation received adequate preparation? For God’s visitation We must lose the...

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PREPARING The WAY For GOD’s VISITATION-I—Luke 3:1-10

Need:

Do you feel as if you don’t experience God’s power?

You see Him work in others but not in or thru you?

John the Baptist was instrumental in preparing the way for the Lord’s visitation.

God’s visitation received adequate preparation.

How has God’s visitation received adequate preparation?

6 losses ensuring God’s visitation has received adequate preparation.

1—For God’s visitation We must lose the

TIMING(:1-2)

Explanation: (:1-2)

:1—“Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea & the region of Trachonitis, & Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,”

“Tiberias Caesar’s” fifteenth year as Caesar of Rome(the Roman Emperor) coincided/corresponded with that of Pontius Pilate’s reign as “governor” of Judea. A Roman “governor” had greater authority than did a “tetrarch”(below). Pontius Pilate governed Judea under the authority of Tiberias Caesar.

“Tiberius” was emperor of Rome from 14 to 37 AD.—CBCNT

“Pontius Pilate was a [procuratorial] “governor” of the Judean province between 26 AD(appointed) & 36 AD (removed).—CBCNT

All procurators are governors of lands. Responsible for defense, civil administration & financial management. Could not enforce his personal authority by judicial process but rather depended upon a tribunal of provincial governors. Pilate maintained an estimated 5000 man residential army.—ISBE

This period also coincided/corresponded with the reign of “Herod” as “tetrarch”(a Roman technical term) of Galilee.

“Herod” here is Herod Antipas(4AD—39AD), a son of Herod the Great(37BC—4AD) of Jesus’ birth. Antipas ruled Galilee & Perea—From Jerusalem northward on both sides of the Jordan.

This period also coincided/corresponded with Herod Antipas’ brother, ‘Philip’ acting as “tetrarch”(with him) over the adjoining provinces of Ituraea & Trachonitis(Batanea).

Another brother, Archelaus(tetrarch of Judea), is not mentioned here as Caesar Augustus had him replaced in 6AD by a man named Coponius. As procurator, Coponius installed Annas as High Priest(:2) who actively served until ‘retiring’ in 15AD.

Coponius—6-9AD

Ambivulus—9-12 AD

Annius Rufus—12-15 AD

Valerius Gratus—15-26 AD

*Pontius Pilate—26-36 AD

This period also coincided/corresponded with Lysanias being “tetrarch” over Abilene. There is no extant record other than Luke in which a particular Lysanias in mentioned. Inscription suggest it may be a dynastic name with clearly many Lysanias’ ruling in this period. Abilene is adjacent to Trachonitis.

“Tetrarch”(‘ruler of a quarter’)—A Roman governor—one of four rulers, each having sovereignty over a portion of a country/province, which is divided politically into four parts. Supposedly Archelaus was given ½ Herod’s kingdom while the other ½ was split between Philip & Antipas. A tetrarchy ruled by a ‘triarchy.’


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