Summary: It was inevitable that with the unprecedented growth the church of Jerusalem experienced, conflict and problems would arise. But the disciples acted speedily, and in the process established the principle of shared ministry, which brought even more growth.
Problems and Prosperity
June 14, 2015
In our study of Acts we’ve seen how the church in Jerusalem grew from a small band of followers in the upper room to a large army of believers in a very short time.
Look at the progression of growth: Acts 2:41 (quickview)  tells us that 3000 were added to the church; Acts 4:4 (quickview)  tells us that 5000 men believed (apparently too many to count all their wives and kids as well); and Acts 5:14 (quickview)  simply tells us that “multitudes” of both men and women were added, the number being so great, they apparently just stopped counting.
It’s only natural that in the midst of such growth, problems and tensions should arise. In our text today in Acts 6 (quickview) , we’ll see the church in Jerusalem as it began to experience some growing pains, as all living, growing congregations inevitably do.
I. WE SEE FIRST A PROBLEM AND ITS SOLUTION IN VERSES 1-3.
A problem arose in the church of Jerusalem – verse 1 – “And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.”
There was a dissension arose between the “Grecians” and the “Hebrews.” Who were the Grecians and the Hebrews?
• The GRECIANS Jews whose ancestors had lived in different areas of Asia Minor following their captivity by the Greeks during the Greek Empire. Many later returned to live in Israel, the land of their ancestors, and when they did, they brought with them Greek education, culture and customs. They generally preferred to speak Greek—the universal language of that day—over Aramaic or Hebrew since they had grown up speaking Greek. Also, many of them had intermarried with the local people in the lands from which they came, so their spouses and offspring often were not always pure ethnic Jews—a big no-no in Jewish culture.
• The HEBREWS were those whose ancestors had been able to evade their captors and remain in Israel during the captivity by the Greeks. Most spoke the common language Aramaic, and some spoke Hebrew. Their customs had not been influenced by other cultures, and they especially scorned Greek culture because of its pagan influence. They prided themselves as being “pure and undefiled” Jews, and despised those who had intermarried with non-Jewish peoples.
Through the years there had been conflict and rivalry between these two groups. But among the Christians, these two groups were trying to put their differences and prejudices aside and to become one in Christ.
They’d done well up till then, but now some dormant mistrust began to resurface. The Grecians felt their widows were being discriminated against in the daily administration of food for widows who had no family to provide for them. In those days, before welfare and pensions, a widow with no immediate family was in a very precarious position, with no means of livelihood. Whether there was actual discrimination, or simply unintentional neglect due to the overwhelming numbers, is not known for sure.