Summary: Repentance, a prerequiste to experinence the blessings in the Book of Zechariah
Zechariah, meaning, “Yahweh remembers,” is an appropriate title for this book because the reader of the book is told the good news, Yahweh remembers His chosen people and His promises and will be faithful
to them. It is a book of comfort and hope, beginning with a call to repentance and ending with prophecies
concerning the return and reign of Christ. Like Jeremiah and Ezekiel, Zechariah was both a priest and
prophet. He began his ministry in Judah two months after Haggai began his ministry. Both prophets
compared the present with the past and the future. Haggai stressing the rebuilding of the temple as a sign
and source of the Lord’s blessing and Zechariah emphasizing the need to repent and spiritual renewing.
Haggai and Zechariah’s ministries followed the ministries of Ezekiel and Daniel who ministered to the
captives in Babylon.
The purpose of Zechariah’s ministry was to motivate the captives that had returned to Judah and
Jerusalem to finish restoring the temple and to rededicate themselves to the Lord of hosts. The central
theme of the book is encouragement and hope. The key to this hope is the coming of Messiah and His
overthrow of ungodly forces and establishment of His kingdom on earth. The bases of his ministry is divine authority, “the word of the Lord” (Zechariah 1:1). He received a divine commission to be the Lord’s spokesman, with instructions what to say to the returned captives and he delivered to the people what he received.
In the eighth month of the second year of Darius’ reign,” two months after Haggai began his ministry the
word of the Lord came to Zechariah the saying, “The Lord was very angry with your fathers.” Two reasons are given in 2nd Chronicles 36:14-36 why the Lord was angry with the fathers of the returning captive; continued idolatry and a failure to give the land seventy sabbatical years of rest(Leviticus25:2-7). It was for this reason the wrath and anger of the Lord “were poured out and burned in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem” (Jeremiah 44:6). The Lord through Ezekiel told the Israelites He would deal with them “in wrath” and His eye “will have no pity nor shall” He spare them even though they cry out for mercy. He will not listen to them (Ezekiel 8:18).
The captives who have returned to Judah and Jerusalem have no excuse for doing what they were doing just as their fathers had no excuse for doing what they did. The fathers were warned and didn’t listen to or heed the warning. The children of the fathers of the captives have no excuse for doing what they are doing because their fathers told them why they were born in captivity and the wrath and anger of the Lord was poured out on the cities of Judah, Jerusalem, and the people. They were told why the temple was destroyed. They have come to Judah and Jerusalem and have seen the results of the disobedience of their fathers.
This should be a warning to Christians. There is a time when the Lord can no longer permit the
disobedience of His children and though we find it hard to believe the Lord will deal harshly with the