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Summary: Look at Chapter 1 of Romans

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Romans is the “Constitution of Christianity”

Romans is the “Constitution of Christianity”

Doctrinal Section – Chapters 1-8

National Section – Chapters 9-11

Practical Section – Chapters 12-16

Doctrinal Section

1. Introduction – Theme – God’s Righteousness

2. Sin

3. Salvation

4. Sanctification

Paul wrote his major letters of Romans with I & II Corinthians during this third missionary journey. Romans clarifies our understanding of Jesus’ death (Romans 3:21-26)

The chief aims for Paul’s writing Romans was to prepare the people for his first visit there. He long had intended to visit the city, but circumstances had prevented it. Paul’s writing in anticipation of his visit was part of an effort to strengthen the Roman Christians in their faith (1:11-15)

Who founded the Church at Rome?

Romans 1:1-7 – Introduction

Paul’s Credentials

1. A slave of Christ (1:1)

2. An apostle of God (1:1)

Apostle translates apostolos, which has the basic meaning of a person who is sent. It referred to someone who was officially commissioned to a position or task, such as an envoy or ambassador. Cargo ships were sometimes called apostolic, because they were dispatched with a specific shipment for a specific destination.

The term apostle appears some seventy-nine times in the New Testament and is used in a few instances in a general, nontechnical sense (see Rom. 16:7; Acts 14:14). In its broadest sense, apostle can refer to all believers, because every believer is sent into the world as a witness for Christ. But the term is primarily used as a specific and unique title for the thirteen men (the Twelve, with Matthias replacing Judas, and Paul) whom Christ personally chose and commissioned to authoritatively proclaim the gospel and lead the early church.

The thirteen apostles not only were all called directly by Jesus but all were witnesses of His resurrection, Paul having encountered Him on the Damascus Road after His ascension. Those thirteen apostles were given direct revelation of God’s Word to proclaim authoritatively, the gift of healing, and the power to cast out demons (Matt. 10:1). By these signs their teaching authority was verified (cf. 2 Cor. 12:12). Their teachings became the foundation of the church (Eph. 2:20), and their authority extended beyond local bodies of believers to the entire believing world.

3. Set apart to the Gospel (1:1-4)

Because Paul was called and sent by God as an apostle, his whole life was set apart in the Lord’s service. Even a person who has been called by God to a special type or place of service cannot be effective if he is not also separated unto God for the gospel of God.

a. Promised long ago

b. The gospel concerns the incarnation

c. The gospel declares Jesus to be God’s Son

4. Had received God’s grace and mission (1:5)

5. Acknowledged the enslavement of others (1:7)

a. They too were called

b. They too were beloved

c. They too were saints

d. They too were recipients of grace

Outline of the Gospel Paul Preached

I. His View of the Old Testament

a. It comes from God

b. Given through the prophets


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