Summary: The second commandment is talking about the Idol worship. God is against all kinds of Idol worships. YHWH is the only God to be worshiped all over the world.
Introduction: This second command precedes all other eight commandments. In God’s sight the Idol worship leads to all sins. If a person keeps himself away from Idol worship, he will keep himself from every sinful life.
1. NOT TO MAKE ANY IDOL V.4.
It is forbidden to make any image or picture of the Deity, in any form, or for any purpose; No carve, no graven, no painting. Images make men to estimate Him according to their own reason. It is wrong for men to seek the presence of God in any visible image, because He cannot be represented to our eyes. However the second commandment doesn’t forbid making an image of something for artistic purposes; God commanded Israel make images of Cherubim (Exodus 25:18; Exo_26:31). But forbids to make images as an “aid” to worship. John 4:24, Romans 1:22-23. To whom can we liked him? Isaiah 40:18,25.
V.5. NOT TO BOW DOWN, NOT TO SERVE
The curse of our country is idol worship, liked with superstitions, linked with myths and stories about divinity. Idol worship led to the Varna system (Caste System), led to the slavery.
God's glory is diminished by Idol worship, Leads altogether aside, and assign to them the supreme power. How wretched in India, how many gods, deities for all activities.
Pride makes a God of ourselves, covetousness makes a God of money, sensuality makes a God of the belly. Whatever is loved, feared, delighted in, or depended on, more than God, that we make a god. God in our fancies, our worship must be governed by the power of faith, not by the power of imagination. not have any image before them for the directing, exciting, or assisting their devotion. Idol worship leads to God visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation - Severely punishing.
Keeping mercy for thousands of persons, thousands of generations, of them that love me and keep my commandments - As the first commandment requires the inward worship of love, desire, joy, hope, so this the outward worship of prayer and praise, and solemn attendance on his word. This mercy shall extend to thousands, much further than the wrath threatened to those that hate him, for that reaches but to the third or fourth generation.
2. Jealous and Merciful God v.5, 6.
Though Jealousy is an ugly word. “It is the green-eyed monster,” said Shakespeare in Othello. Jealousy is horrible trait. A jealous God! How can a God who is holy, just, loving, gracious, merciful, and long-suffering possibly be jealous? Dt. 4:24
“God’s jealousy is love in action. He refuses to share the human heart with any rival, not because He is selfish and wants us all for Himself, but because He knows that upon that loyalty to Him depends our very moral life. God is not jealous of us: He is jealous for us.”
In OT jealous is to become intensely red. It seems to refer to the changing color of the face or the rising heat of the emotions which are associated with intense zeal or fervor over something dear to us. It can be “zeal.” God is zealous—eager about protecting what is precious, special possession, and unique treasure to Him. (Psalm 135:4).