Summary: Study five of the Book of Revelation.
Pergamos – The Indulged Church which was married to the world.
Pergamos represents the Church Age between AD 314 – 590. The church has become a state church and it began to move away from the person of Jesus Christ.
October 28, AD 312, Constantine heavily outnumbered charged the imperial army of Maxentius at Saxa Rubra (“Red Rocks”) nine miles north of Rome. Maxentius was forced to fight with his back to the Tiber River, where the only retreat possible was over the narrow Milvian Bridge. Constantine’s’ men routed Maxentius’ armies, forcing those which were left to retreat to Rome. Thousands of soldiers, including Maxentius himself, perished in the waters of the Tiber.
Constantine’s victory over Maxentius changed the course of history for Christianity. Property confiscated by Diocletian’s reign from churches during the persecutions was ordered returned to them. One of the first actions of Constantine was to issue the Edict of Milan in AD 313, which not only confirmed the religious toleration of Christians but also extended it to include adherents to all faiths.
To settle controversy, in AD 325 Constantine summoned bishops in every corner of the empire to join him at what would be the first – and most famous – general council of the Christian church, the Council of Nicaea. Here the first council adapted the churches first creed formally presided over by Constantine himself.
Christianity had, in its triumph over paganism, found its voice, and Constantine as its official spokesman was more committed now than ever to Christianizing the empire of Rome.
Pergamos is a city in Turkey, which today is called Pergamum.
Pergamos was one of the royal cities of Asia Minor. Pergamos was the capital of the kingdom of Pergamum. Smyrna was the commercial center; Ephesus was the political center as Pergamos was the religion center of Asia Minor.
The acropolis still stands in Pergamum, though it is now in ruins.
The ruins of her great temples are still located atop the acropolis.
There is a great healing spa found here.
Caesar Augustus came to this beautiful area when the climate got cold in Rome.
In this royal city there a temple built to Caesar Augustus.
Pergamum was a fortified stronghold built off the great trade routes, which came out of the orient.
It was built on a mountain, and the acropolis dominated the whole region of the Caicus plain.
The original city was built between two rivers, which flowed, into the Caicus high above the banks on rocky cliffs.
Pergamos boasted the largest library of the pagan world. Its walls contained over two hundred thousand volumes. Later, Cleopatra, as a gift from Mark Anthony, lugged off the entire contents of the library to Alexandria in Egypt.
There are two great temples found in Pergamos.
The temple to Dionysius, which is beside the ruins of there great theatre.
Dionysius is the same as Bacchus, the God of wine, the goat-god.
He is depicted with horns, but his upper part is man and the lower part a goat.
Satan is still the God of liquor.