Summary: The average man with limited resources, in difficult circumstances, against in surmountable odds, can be led of God to do miraculous things.

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1. In a world totally committed to heathen idolatry, God chooses one man Moses to receive His message to give to His people.

The average man with limited resources, in difficult circumstances, against insurmountable odds, can be led of God to do miraculous things.

2. God had to assemble His people in unity before He entrusted to them truths that would define their existence. So perfectly were these truths, that while other nations and tribes disintegrated, the children of Abraham have endured.

3. God revealed Himself first before He revealed ten truths, “I come unto thee” (19:9).

4. God reminded that His power was stronger than the gods of Egypt. “I am the Lord thy God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt” (20:2).

5. God reminded it was better to serve Him than the bondage of sin. “I am the Lord, who brought you . . . out of the house of bondage” (20:2).

6. God reminded them His love and care. “You know how I brought you to Myself and carried you on eagle’s wings” (19:4, LB).

7. These ten truths contain the essential principles of relating to God (1-4) and relating to others (5-10).


1. God first. “No other gods before Me” (20:3).

2. No compromise. “Not make . . . graven image, or any likeness” (20:4).

3. Pure mind and speech. “Not take the name of the Lord . . . in vain” (20:7).

4. Worship continually. “Observe the Sabbath” (20:8, LB).

5. Respect authority. “Honor thy father and thy mother” (20:12).

6. Respect life. “Do not murder” (20:13, LB).

7. Sexually pure. “Do not commit adultery” (20:14, LB).

8. Respect other’s rights. “Do not steal” (20:15, LB).

9. Live by the truth. “No false witness” (20:16).

10. Be satisfied with your things. “Thou shalt not covet” (20:17).


1. The exclusive royalty of God. The people became “a kingdom of priests” (19:6). So the king is instructing His people about their attitudes and actions.

2. The unbending majesty of God. “Thunders and lightnings” (19:16). “The whole mountain shook with a violent earthquake” (19:18, LB).

3. The pure spirituality of God. “God is spirit” (John 4:24). “Warn the people not . . . to see the Lord, for those who do will die” (19:21, LB).

4. The positive holiness of God. “Sanctify the people” (19:10). “You shall be a holy nation” (19:8).

5. The negative judgment of God. “The Lord descended . . . in the form of fire” (19:18, LB).


1. To see God, look beyond the Ten Commandments; look at Jesus. “The law was given by Moses, but grace and truth come by Jesus Christ” (John 1:17).

2. The law is negative, it kills. “Cursed is everyone that doesn’t obey the terms of the law” (Deut. 27:26, ELT).

3. The law is a mirror that shows us our sins. “I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet’” (Rom. 7:7).

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