Summary: God’s plan to redeem humanity unfolds in the covenant he makes with Abram
God’s plan to redeem humanity unfolds in the covenant he makes with Abram. The promise for a redeemer born of a woman is given in Genesis 3:15. Now the Lord clarifies that the Redeemer-Child will be born of a particular family, the descendants of Abraham, through whom “all peoples of the earth will be blessed.”
Satan succeeded in corrupting the minds of Adam and Eve and stealing their worship from God. The result is that the perfect world God created was now corrupted by sin. Man and Woman chose to follow SATAN and fulfill their own desires, instead of being willing subjects of GOD. They lost the privilege of ruling over God’s new world.
But God’s plan would not be thwarted. He would still have a world in which his eternal kingdom would demonstrate his glory. The difference is that now that kingdom would not be administrated by man, but by Jesus Christ, who would reconcile the fallen creation back into fellowship with God.
“For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.” (Colossians 1:19–20, ESV)
The answer as to why God would redeem his creation instead of completely judging it and starting over is given in Romans 9. God would demonstrate his eternal attributes in the manner in the grace and mercy that he shows toward the rebelliousness of mankind. “What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory— even us whom he has called, not from the Jews only but also from the Gentiles? As indeed he says in Hosea, “Those who were not my people I will call ‘my people,’ and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.’ ”” (Romans 9:22–25, ESV)
The story of this redemption is provided in Scripture as an unfolding account whereby one truth builds upon another. The earliest of this Redemption record is provided in Genesis, with the Abrahamic Covenant as a key part of God’s redemptive purpose.
The Abrahamic Covenant is the central covenant of the Old Testament. Most people think of the Law in Exodus 20 as the defining attribute of the OT, but I believe that the Abrahamic Covenant is the defining attribute of the OT, because the rest of the OT unfolds the story of Abraham’s descendants.
This significance is further noticed in the opening verse of the NEW TESTAMENT: “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.” (Matthew 1:1, ESV). Christ’s connection to Abraham is of utmost importance.
The Abrahamic Covenant is further expanded through three sub-covenants. Notice the connection
God promises Abraham a PLACE “go to the land that I will show you” (12:1). This is further expanded in the Land covenant found in Deut 28:8-11.