Summary: Peter also called Simon; Simon Peter's father's name was John sometimes referred to as Jonas or Jonah. -- We know nothing more about his parents. ~Simon was a very common name. There are at least seven Simons in the Gospel accounts.
#8~ THE APOSTLE PETER 1-25-14
The New Testament gives a more complete picture of Peter than of any other disciple, with the exception of Paul.
~Peter also called Simon; Simon Peter's father's name was John sometimes referred to as Jonas or Jonah. -- We know nothing more about his parents.
~Simon was a very common name. There are at least seven Simons in the Gospel accounts.
Among the Twelve apostles were two named Simon,
1. Simon Peter.
2. And Simon the Zealot.
3. In Matthew 13:55, Jesus' half brothers are listed, and one of them was also named Simon.
4. Judas Iscariot's father was called Simon as well John 6:71.
5. Matthew 26:6 we read that Jesus had a meal at the home of a man in Bethany called Simon the leper.
6. Simon the Pharisee -- Jesus ate at his home, in Luke 7:36-40.
7. And Simon the Cyrene, the man ordered to carry Jesus' cross partway to Calvary. -- Matthew 27:32 .
* But the Lord gave him another name. Luke introduces him this way:
>Luke 6:14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,)
~ Why would Luke mention the fact that some times the Lord Jesus would refer too Simon Peter as such? -- Simon, (whom he also named Peter,)
~ Listen, Jesus had a purpose in calling Peter by his old name "Simon" at times.
~He was sometimes known as Simon, & sometimes as Peter, and sometimes as Simon Peter. There is a reason, listen.
~ When Jesus first met Simon, he fit James's description of a double-minded man unstable in all his ways James 1:8.
"Peter" was sort of a nickname, it means "Rock, a stone" The Aramaic equivalent was Cephas.
> 1 Corinthians 1:12 Paul said - Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; [Peter] and I of Christ.
* We read about the first time Jesus meets Simon Peter.
>John 1:40-42 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. --- 41He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
42And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, a stone.
* Why would Jesus some time refer to him as Simon, his old name?
~When we see that in Scripture, it is often a signal that Peter has done something that needs rebuke or correction.
~ It's much like the names "Jacob & Israel" there's many verses in the bible that both names occur; I believe the reason is because; "Jacob" is a picture of the old man, the flesh. We each have a sinful, carnal nature that we inherited through our fleshly birth. In the New Testament, this sinful nature is often referred to as the "old man." Romans 6:6.
~ The name "Israel" is a picture of the new man. -- Ephesians 4:24 "And that ye put on the new man, -- He was called Jacob when he displayed his old conniving ways.
* Simon Peter can be thought of with the same understanding much of the time, though not ever time.
~ By nature Simon was out spoken and often spoke when he should have kept quit.