Summary: Compares the Church as a community

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Deuteronomy 5:1-21; 2 Corinthians 3:4-6, 12-18

SEPTEMBER 14, 2008

The way we look at our relationship with the Church is really important. Our understanding of the Church is so important because it determines the shape of our Christian lives. It determines the vision and passion of our ministries we offer to God. If we think the Church as just a human institution made up of individuals choosing to join an organization that is governed by its own petty rules and regulations, we will see our Christian lives as being our own private business that is totally independent of the Church. Our ministries will be personal projects to fulfill our desires and our goals. If we understand the Church to be, first and foremost, a people God has called into being, and an organization of His creation, then God’s vision for the Church becomes the determining factor of our lives and our vision.

The people of God have always known that the Church began with God. The New Testament Greek word for Church, ekklesia, means “the called out ones.” The Old Testament equivalent described Israel as the people summoned into the presence of God to hear Him and to respond obediently to Him. God commanded Moses,

“Assemble the people before me to hear my words so that they may learn to revere me as long as they live in the land and may teach them to their children”

(Deuteronomy 4:10).

Deuteronomy 5 describes Moses and Israel obeying this command. The formation of ancient Israel as the people of God was neither Moses’ nor Israel’s idea. It was God’s idea. God called Israel into being, and God calls the Church into being. When God called His people, He called them into a covenant community (Deuteronomy 5:2-5).

What is a covenant community? It is a group of people bound together by a promise or a vow or covenant. The covenant relationship we normally think of is the covenant relationship between a man and woman when they get married. They make a covenant to be true to each other for the rest of their lives. God calls us to make a covenant relationship like that with His Church. He wants us to make a commitment to His Church community.


The opening words of the covenant appear in Deuteronomy 5:6:

“I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.”

The Old Testament covenant of community of Israel was based on the Exodus, which was God’s gracious act of freeing them from slavery. The people’s crying to God in their bondage, the calling of Moses, the plagues and struggle with Pharaoh, the Passover lamb, the Exodus, the passing through the Red Sea, and God’s provision through the wilderness wanderings - form the story of God redeeming Israel out of slavery.

Israelite worship would incorporate forever the retell of that marvelous story for two reasons. First, in hopes of creating for each new generation who never heard the story, a desire to commit to live in faithful covenant relationship with God. And Secondly, to remind and awaken in the older generation, a desire to commit to live in faithful covenant relationship with God, as well. We call that revival. So the covenant community is based on history.

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