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Summary: Lesson 8 in a series on holiness as seen in Leviticus; Examining three great pictures from the Day of Atonement

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The Day of Atonement

Leviticus 16 – Lesson 8

I. Introduction

A. Atonement

1. Definition

a) From the Hebrew word, kapar.

b) Literal meaning is to cover.

c) Hebrew meaning is to ransom and to remove with a price.

d) Used 16 times in Leviticus 16.

2. Demanded

a) God’s holiness demands action against sin.

b) Zephaniah 3:5 – “The Lord is righteous in her (Jerusalem) midst. He will do no unrighteousness. Every morning, He brings justice to light.”

c) Psalm 7:11 – “God is a just judge and God is angry with the wicked every day.”

3. Designed – The Day of Atonement

a) Appointed Day (16:29) – The tenth day of the seventh month (September/October) – The Right Day

b) Announced Purpose (16:30-34) – To deal with the sins of Israel – The Right Reason

c) Afflicted People (16:29, 31) – The People were to afflict (Humble) themselves. – The Right Attitude

d) Assigned Procedure (3-28) – The Right Way

B. Portraits in Leviticus 16

1. Three Great Pictures

2. That demonstrates the power and purpose of God’s redemptive work for man.

II. Three Portraits of the Day of Atonement

A. The Great Priest of God

1. Aaron’s Role In Atonement – Type and Shadow

a) Preparations (1-3, 5-6) – Sacrifices readied and secured.

b) Humiliation (4a) – Removed the decorative robe for the simple.

c) Sanctification (4b) – Washing his body and garments.

d) Confession (6,21) – Sacrifice for his sins and his household’s.

e) Intercession (7-10, 15-22) – Sacrifice on behalf of Israel.

f) Decoration (23-24) – Dressed again in the ceremonial dress.

g) Devotion (3,5,24) – Burnt offerings as a sign.

2. Jesus the Great High Priest – The Anti-Type and Fulfillment

a) Jesus in now the Superior High Priest – Hebrews 7:27, 9:11-15, 10:11-14

a. In Jesus, the glory of God and the burden of man come beautifully together.

b. As Aaron carried the burden for Israel, Jesus carried a great burden for man – Mark 14:34

b) Jesus as High Priest – Mediator and Sacrifice

a. Aaron was spotless in dress, but Jesus was spotless in character – Hebrews 4:15, 7:26

b. Aaron entered the earthly tabernacle, Jesus entered the heavenly tabernacle – Hebrews 9:11-12

c. Aaron entered behind the veil, Jesus tore down the veil of separation – Mark 15:38

d. Aaron offered sacrifices for his own sins, Jesus became sin for all – 2 Corinthians 5:21

e. Aaron made atonement year by year, Jesus made it once for all – Hebrews 10:12-14

f. Aaron sacrifices for a nation, Jesus sacrificed for the world – Matthew 20:28

g. Aaron offered the blood of animals, Jesus offered His own blood - 1 Peter 1:18-19

h. Christ is now the mediator – 1 Timothy 2:5-6

B. The Great Pardon

1. The Scapegoat

a) Two goats were involved in the Day of Atonement

a. One was sacrificed and its blood was carried into Holy of Holies.

b. The second shall be sent into the wilderness and bear the iniquities of the children of Israel.

c. The first goat symbolized the price for atonement and the second symbolized the results of atonement.

d. Together they were one offering for sin.

b) Each goat represents a type or shadow of Christ work – Living and dying.


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