Summary: How God divided man through Babel and reunites them through the Holy Spirit and Christ
Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. As men moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there. They said to each other, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth.”
But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower that the men were building. The LORD said, “If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.” So the LORD scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called Babel —because there the LORD confused the language of the whole world. From there the LORD scattered them over the face of the whole earth.
On the eastern plains of Shinar, some twenty-two hundred years before Christ, men had a meeting of their minds. They talked about the plains that they had inhabited - a nice piece of land - and what they were going to do there. It was over this piece of land that they made decisions which were not pleasing to God - which caused God to change their languages and separate man from himself - giving us the story of the Tower of Babel.
Shinar literally means “country of two rivers”. It’s the ancient name for Babylonia, which is now known as our modern day Iraq. I find it somewhat incredible that four thousand years later we have another meeting of minds on what to do with the same plot of land. Do we build or do we destroy? Do we get involved or do we get out? This argument is leading to not only leading to a division of countries, but a division of people within countries. We are dealing with a modern day tower of Babel.
Yet God is in charge. He was in charge four thousand years ago, and He’s still in charge today. No matter how many plans we make, in the end, His will will be done - whether we like it or not. Today we’ll see that as we build our towers,
The Holy Spirit Builds a Tower that Will Never Fall
I. The gathering
Genesis 11 (quickview)  begins by telling us that “As men moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there.” This was right after the Flood, where God had told man to specifically “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the earth.” (Ge 9:1) Genesis 10 (quickview)  tells how Ham’s descendants did this -
Cush was the father of Nimrod, who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD; that is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the LORD.” The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon, Erech, Akkad and Calneh, in SHINAR.
The region where they lived stretched from Mesha toward Sephar, in the eastern hill country.