Summary: The Holy Spirit in the New Testament with power, foretold to Jesus' mother and others, the Spirit on Pentecost, and baptism in the Holy Spirit as compared to baptism of believers today.
THE HOLY SPIRIT
This nine-part series was originally developed for a class environment, and later adapted for use in a prison ministry conducted via correspondence. Because of that background, questions were developed for each lesson for participants to use in a setting conducive to discussion, or as handouts for private use if the lessons are presented as sermons. At the beginning of each part of the series, I will include the outline of the series.
OUTLINE OF THIS SERIES OF STUDIES
Introduction, Holy Spirit as deity
Names of the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
Holy Spirit in the NT (apostles to receive power)
Gabriel’s message to Mary
Foreseen by NT characters—Jesus, John
What we learn from Jesus in John 14,16
The coming of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost
Baptism in, or by, the Holy Spirit
Baptism of believers
If I do not go away the Holy Spirit will not come
Men received and were dependent on the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is a Guarantee
Grieving the Holy Spirit
The Indwelling of the Holy Spirit
Being Filled With the Spirit
The Holy Spirit in the Functioning of the church (first installment)
(1 Cor 12; Rom 12; Eph 4)
Gifts of the Spirit
Grace as Gifts (did not delve into each of the gifts, or special aptitudes, given by the Holy Spirit)
Functions “God Has Appointed”
The empowering gifts of the Holy Spirit
Bestowing honor upon less “presentable” members
Order of functions (First apostles, second prophets, third teachers) Teachers discussed in Part 6
First apostles, second prophets, third teachers.
Ministries of the Holy Spirit
Are the Bible and the Holy Spirit the same?
Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit
Fruit of the Spirit
The Spirit vs the Flesh
Attributes of the Holy Spirit
Acting in opposition to the Holy Spirit
• Lying to the Holy Spirit
• Resisting the Holy Spirit
• Quenching the Holy Spirit
• Grieving the Holy Spirit
• Defiling the Temple of the Holy Spirit
• Insulting the Spirit of Grace (doing despite)
Intercessor (though mentioned previously)
How Can I Know if I Have the Holy Spirit?
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THE HOLY SPIRIT
The Holy Spirit in the New Testament
Although the Holy Spirit was active and powerful in the Old Testament, his work is much more fully and plainly described in the New Testament.
The angel Gabriel, speaking to the maiden Mary in her town of Nazareth, told her that she would bear a son, and “He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High...” Mary asked, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?" The angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy child shall be called the Son of God.” (Luke 1:26-35) It is evident from the angel’s words to Mary that the Holy Spirit is a being who has great power.
That power of the Holy Spirit is also seen in Jesus’ words to his disciples right before he ascended to heaven, “...you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be my witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth."
Foreseen by Other New Testament Characters
It wasn’t only the Old Testament prophets who foretold the coming of the Holy Spirit. The first harbinger of the gospel age, John the Baptist, who was preaching and baptizing in the wilderness of Judea, told the crowds of people who came to hear him,
As for me, I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, and I am not fit to remove his sandals; He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire (Mat 3:11).
Jesus himself spoke to his disciples about the coming of the Holy Spirit. On the last evening Jesus spent with his disciples, after he served them the last supper and Judas Iscariot had departed, Jesus spoke at length with them, and made it even clearer than ever before that he was going away, and the Holy Spirit would come.
Then he said,
I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, that he may be with you forever; that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see him or know him, but you know him because he abides with you and will be in you (John 14:16-17).