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Summary: Paul sets before us a worthy goal-which most of us will work on for a lifetime.

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This final category touches the leader in his relationship to alcohol and money-two areas of perennial tempta-tion. Don’t overlook God’s Word on

these crucial points! If you do, you will regret it later.

1. Not given to drunkenness 1 Tim 3:3; Titus 1:7

Literally this phrase means "not lingering over wine." It is variously translated as "not a lover of wine," "not addicted to strong drink," "not a drunkard," "not a hard drinker," "not excessive in his use of wine." I might add that the word also includes the thought of not frequenting places where wine is misused. It means not using wine as a way of life.

While this does not demand total abstinence, it also makes clear that a lover of wine cannot be a leader of God’s people. Godly leaders must be above reproach in the use of wine.

Unfortunately, too many people read this caution as a permission to drink wine. Since the warning is repeated twice, I take it that alcohol abuse

was a serious problem in the first century. One wonders what Paul would think if he suddenly arrived in modern America and saw how pervasive

alcohol abuse has become. Please do not turn this warning into a permission! Godly leaders must be very careful about alcohol, either using it in great moderation or not at all.

2. Not a lover of money 1 Tim 3:3

This touches how a man views his whole life. The godly leader must not make money the goal of his life. He must not be absorbed with the goal of

increasing his net worth. In 1 Timothy 6:17-19 Paul has some strong words for the rich. They are tempted to be arrogant and to put their trust in

their wealth. Instead they should learn to trust God and then focus on becoming rich in good deeds. This, he says, will lay up a firm foundation for the future.

Being a "lover of money" doesn’t imply anything dishonest or wrong. It simply means that you have wrongly made money (and the things money can

buy) the measure of your life. How foolish, how sad.

3. Not pursuing dishonest gain Titus 1:7

This characteristic is different. It implies a kind of deliberate dishonesty. The godly leader must not be an embezzler, a thief, a crook, a pilferer. His financial dealings must be above reproach. There cannot be the slightest question about the way he handles his money. If there is, if he has a reputation as a "sharpie" who cuts a hard deal, if he is known as a man who plays fast and loose in his business affairs, if he laughs and says, "Everyone does it," forget it. Don’t make that man a leader!

Note the difference: The "lover of money" is honest but wrong. "Pursuing dishonest gain" is dishonest and wrong. Both are condemned as inappropriate for a leader of God’s people.

4. Loving what is good Titus 1:8

We come to the final characteristic and find that it serves as a fitting conclusion to this list. "Loving what is good" means to support good people, good causes and good ideas. It reaches to the motivation of a leader’s life. What excites him? What hobbies does he cultivate? What brings a smile to his face?

Some people are excited by trifles and trivia, others by outright evil. Few there are who truly love what is good in life. When we find such people, we ought to follow them for they understand the difference between


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