Summary: Jesus came to be our prophet, priest, and king.

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Many notable people have commented on Jesus’ place as the most famous, important, and significant person in history:

• “I am an historian, I am not a believer, but I must confess as a historian that this penniless preacher from Nazareth is irrevocably the very center of history. Jesus Christ is easily the most dominant figure in all history.”—H. G. Wells

• “I know men and I tell you that Jesus Christ is no mere man. Between Him and every other person in the world there is no possible term of comparison. Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne, and I have founded empires. But on what did we rest the creation of our genius? Upon force. Jesus Christ founded His empire upon love; and at this hour millions of men would die for Him.”—Napoleon Bonaparte

• “Man’s ultimate destiny depends not on whether he can learn new lessons or make new discoveries and conquests, but on the acceptance of the lesson taught him close upon two thousand years ago.”—Inscription at the entrance of the Rockefeller Center, New York City

It’s Christmas time. We are celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ. Why did the Son of God come to earth?

In the OT, there were three major offices in Israel: (1) prophet, (2) priest, and (3) king. The prophet spoke for God; the priest served for God; the king ruled for God. When a person was chosen for one of these offices, he was anointed with oil (e.g. David, 1 Samuel 16:13).

The NT presents Jesus of Nazareth as the Christ. “Christ” means “the anointed one.” Jesus once claimed that He was the fulfillment of Isaiah 61:1: “The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners” (cf. Luke 4:16-21). Jesus was not anointed with oil; He was anointed with the Holy Spirit. Oil is actually a biblical symbol of the Holy Spirit. When Jesus was baptized, “the Spirit descended on him like a dove” (Mark 1:10). He was chosen by the Father to be the ultimate prophet, priest, and king.

The question “Why did Jesus come to earth?” can be answered this way: Jesus came to earth to be our:





The OT prophets spoke God’s words to the people. Moses was the first major prophet, and he wrote the first five books of the Bible, the Pentateuch. After Moses there was a succession of other prophets who spoke and wrote of God’s words. But Moses predicted that another prophet like himself would come. “The LORD said to me: ‘...I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him’” (Deuteronomy 18:18).

However, when we look at the Gospels we see that Jesus is not primarily viewed as a prophet or as the prophet like Moses. Often those who call Jesus a “prophet” know very little about Him.

• Jesus once asked His disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” And they replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets” (Matthew 16:13-14; cf. Luke 9:8).

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