Summary: Application of the blood of Jesus Christ for a believer. Jesus the mediator between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant.
As that morning broke on the first Easter Sunday; Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome made their way to the tomb. Two angels appeared there who said, “He is not here; he has risen!” The women left the sepulchre and told the other disciples all these things. Two disciples along with Mary Magdalene ran back to the tomb and not finding Jesus there, the disciples went back home while Mary stood there crying. Suddenly Jesus appeared to Mary.
John 20:14-17 14At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not realize that it was Jesus. 15He asked her, “Woman, why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?” Thinking he was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him.” 16Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means “Teacher”). 17Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’”Jesus said to Mary, “Don’t touch me.” There is something yet to take place on that day and no none was to touch him until that had been taken care of.
Later that night Jesus appeared to the 11 disciples in a house. Jesus shows them his hands, his side, and I am convinced that they touched him and had a fellowship with Jesus.
Now something had taken place that day post resurrection between Jesus’ appearance to Mary and his disciples. What had taken place, took place against the backdrop of the OT Covenant and the New Covenant with regard to his blood that he shed at Calvary.
Hebrews 9:11 But when Christ came as high priest of the good things that are now already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not made with human hands, that is to say, not of part of this creation.
When the children of Israel were travelling through the wilderness, there was for a brief period of time a temporary kind of tent where God meet with Moses. But the day came when God gave Moses the instructions for building the tabernacle which will travel with them the rest of the way through the wilderness. The tabernacle in the wilderness and then the temple which followed were simply pictures, they were built after the pattern of the reality which is in heaven. Hebrews 8:5 They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” There is a tabernacle, a temple of God in heaven. So what was built in the OT was a replica of the tabernacle in heaven.
In that earthly tabernacle before it could be used, it had to be cleansed. You see man is a sinner. Romans 5:12 By one man (that is Adam) sin entered into the world. So that tabernacle in the wilderness had be purified because that tabernacle was built by sinful men. They used their hands and their tools. So it was cleansed through sacrifice, specifically through blood of animals.
In that tabernacle were two rooms. There was the holy place and the priest could enter the holy place daily to carry out their duties. But the inside room, only the high priest could go inside after blood sacrifice has been made for his own sins. This room was entered only once a year on the Day of Atonement, where the blood was sprinkled on the mercy seat for the sins of the people of Israel. God dwelt among men in that Holy of Holies.
There was no artificial source of light in this room but it was always lit because there on the Ark of the Covenant were the outstretched wings of the cherubim. You find the cherubim where God is. They give glory to God. The real cherubim are located in heaven at the throne of God. There were the two golden cherubim. They had their wings outstretched above that mercy seat and there in that space beneath their wings and above the mercy seat shined forth the magnificent glory of God. It was the place where God dwelt among men.
Now see the importance of blood here. Once a year, the high priest would enter the Holy of Holies after offering a blood offering for his own sins. He would sprinkle the blood of the sacrifice there on the mercy seat where the presence of God was located to for the forgiveness of the sins of the children of Israel. Now that is the OT covenant against which this event took place on the resurrection day.