Summary: The Psalm of Crucifixion - (PowerPoint slides to accompany this talk are available on request – email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
(A). Prayer and Suffering (vs 1-21):
(1). He was abandoned by the Lord (vs 1-5)
(2). He was despised by the people (vs 6-11)
(3). He was condemned by the law (vs 12-21)
(B). Victory and Praise (vs 22-31):
(1). The great assembly (vs 22-25)
(2). The glorious kingdom (vs 26-29)
(3). The generations to come (vs 30-31)
• Psalms 22, 23, and 24 are a group of psalms written by King David.
• It has often been pointed out that these three Psalms (22, 23 & 24) form a trilogy;
• Yet these three Psalms (22, 23 & 24) form a trilogy;
• They fit together and complement one another because;
• They cover the past, the present, and the future.
• They speak of Christ as the Sufferer in Psalm 22,
• Christ as the Shepherd in Psalm 23,
• And Christ as the Sovereign in Psalm 24.
• They fit together each and work together as a threesome;
• To know Christ as Shepherd,
• We must first meet him first at the cross as our saviour.
• And to know his continued care & guidance in our lives;
• We must make him sovereign, the king, the ruler of our lives!
• The Psalm divides into two parts;
• The dividing point is verse 21,
• Everything previous in verses 1-21 is prayer and suffering;
• Everything after this verse 22-31 is a song of victory and praise.
• This is a Messianic Psalm, that is a Psalm concerning the Messiah, Jesus Christ;
• Although it was written originally to describe the writers own personal circumstances.
• It has a deeper, far greater meaning.
• Through this Psalm we will see the cross of Christ in new and more amazing ways!
• As this Psalm touches on the physical, emotional and spiritual sufferings of Christ.
• And although crucifixion would not be around in this part of the world for hundreds of years;
• Because crucifixion came to this region with the invasion of the Roman army.
• This Psalm clearly pictures a crucified saviour.
Quote John Stott:
“…the sufferer’s agony in Psalm 22:14-17 – his disjointed bones, his thirst and his pierced hands and feet – is a remarkable description of the horrors of crucifixion’.
The writers of the New Testament quote this Psalm in connection with Jesus Christ:
• In Mark chapter 15 verse 34;
• Jesus actually quoted verse 1 when he was on the cross;
And at three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”).
• In Matthew chapter 27 verses 39-44, Mark chapter 15 verses 31-32;
• And Luke chapter 23 verse 35:
• We see verses 7-8 of this Psalm being fulfilled.
• As Jesus is mocked and ridiculed by the priests.
• And in John chapter 19 verses 23-24:
• We see how Jesus was further humiliated by the confiscation of his clothing;
• As Roman soldiers sat at the foot of the cross gambling to see who would have them!
• Bible scholars say there are between 14 and 33 (depending on who you believe);
• Items describing death by crucifixion in this Psalm.
• So next time you read it see how many you can find.
• The title, the superscription of the Psalm:
• Often it sets the tone of the Psalm or the scene of what is to follow.
• “For the director of music. To the tune of ‘The Doe of the Morning’. A psalm of David”.
TWO THINGS TO NOTE:
First: notice who it is written to.
• It is addressed to ‘the director of music’;
• That is the chief musician.
• This Psalm is written for the very best,
• It is the highest praise that is going to be sung by the highest of all Jewish musicians.
Second: Notice the animal that is mentioned.
• The animal mentioned is, ‘a doe’, a hind; a female deer.
• Just like this graceful, majestic, beautiful creature.
• The victim in the Psalm will be like an innocent deer;
• That will be surrounded by wild beasts and savagely torn apart.
As I mentioned earlier the Psalm divides into two parts;
• Verses 1-21 is prayer and suffering;
• Verses 22-31 is a song of victory and praise.
• As we scan over each part;
• I want you to notice that each part naturally divides into three sub-sections;
(A). Prayer and Suffering (vs 1-21).
• In this section David the writer share with us three burdens, three problems;
• That caused him to call out and ask God to help him;