Summary: The Study Of Exodus: Escape From Egypt
The Study Of Exodus: Escape From Egypt
2 Timothy 3:16 (KJV)
16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
The second book of the Pentateuch is called Exodus. “Exodus” means “going out.” This book tells how Jacob’s family grew into a nation in Egypt. It tells how the Egyptians became afraid of God’s people and made slaves of them. Exodus also reveals how God delivered His people from Egypt.
Genesis recorded the beginning of God’s chosen family through which the Savior would come into the world. Exodus continues their history by showing how they actually grew from a family into a nation. Exodus deals with two themes:
Moses is the chief character in the book of Exodus. He is also one of the greatest leaders who has ever lived. His lifetime of 120 years can be divided into three periods:
1. forty years as a prince in Egypt;
2. forty years in the wilderness of Midian as a shepherd;
3. forty years as the leader of God’s people.
Moses is the human author of the book of Exodus. The book itself claims Moses as its author (Exodus 17:14; Exodus 24:4). Jesus said Moses wrote Exodus (Mark 1:44; John 7:19-23). The Apostle Paul also gave Moses credit for writing Exodus (Acts 26:22,23). From ancient times the Jews have believed Moses wrote Exodus. It was written during the time Israel was in the desert. This was sometime between 1500 B.C. and 1400 B.C.
Genesis and Exodus are very closely connected. Genesis closes with Israel in Egypt. Exodus begins at that point and continues Israel’s history. Exodus covers a period of about 360 years. It begins with the death of Joseph and continues to the building of the tabernacle at Mt. Sinai.
Israel Escapes from Egypt (Chapters 1-18)
The people of Israel multiplied rapidly in Egypt. After a time, a new Pharaoh came to the throne. He did not know about Joseph and how he had saved Egypt from famine. He feared the people of Israel because of their growing numbers. Therefore, he made them slaves. The people of Israel were treated very badly. However, the more they were afflicted, the faster they grew. Pharaoh commanded the midwives to kill the male babies, but they did not do it. Finally, in order to stop Israel from growing so rapidly, Pharaoh commanded that all male babies should be cast into the river.
Moses was born during this time. His parents feared God. They refused to kill their baby. They hid him for three months. Then they made a little ark (boat) of bulrushes and put Moses in the river near the place that Pharaoh’s daughter came to bathe. Miriam, Moses’ older sister, watched nearby. Pharaoh’s daughter found the baby. At her request Miriam called Jochebed, Moses’ mother, to be his nurse. Therefore, Moses was brought up as a prince in the palace of Pharaoh. He was cared for by his own mother who must have told him about the true God and his people.