Summary: The Study Of The Identity Of The Church

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The Study Of The Identity Of The Church

Colossians 1:18 (KJV)

18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.

How would you set out to locate a long lost friend? First, you would gather all of the marks of identification and then begin the search. Only after finding the individual that matched every mark of identification would you accept him as being the one that you were seeking. Likewise, there are many churches in the world. How can one know which is the right one? The genuine one? How can one know which one is Christ's church? You must take all of the marks of identification. Then compare the various churches with these marks of identification. Only after you find the church that matches every mark of identification can you be sure you have found the right church. But what are the marks of identification? Where are they found? The Bible is the answer.

The Bible gives all the true marks of how to identify the church. Therefore, let us turn to it to see what they are:

1. Christ established the church. "And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it" (Matthew 16:18).

2. It had its beginning in Jerusalem. This is seen in Luke 24:45-49 and Acts 2:5.

3. The date of origin was A.D. 33. This is also based on Acts 2. The church was started on the day of Pentecost following Christ's resurrection.

4. The church wore the name of Christ. Speaking of the various congregations, Paul wrote, "...The churches of Christ greet you" (Romans 16:16). He further says, in speaking to the church at Corinth, "Now you are the body of Christ, and members individually" (I Corinthians 12:27). But what is the body? It is the church (Ephesians 1:22-23).

5. Its members were called Christians. "...And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch" (Acts 11:26). "Then Agrippa said to Paul, you almost persuade me to become a Christian" (Acts 26:28). "Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in this matter" (1 Peter 4:16). And finally, remember, "Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved" (Acts 4:12).

6. Christ is its only head. "And He is the head of the body, the church..." (Colossians 1:18).

7. There is but one body. "There is one body, and one Spirit, just as you were called in one hope of your calling" (Ephesians 4:4). But what is the body? It is the church (Colossians 1:18). There is one body. It is the church. Then there is but one church.

8. There are terms for entering the church. These include belief (Hebrews 11:6), repentance (Acts 17:30), confession of faith (Romans 10:9-10), and baptism (Mark 16:16). When one is saved, he is added to the church (Acts 2:47). Also Romans 6:3-4, Galatians 3:26-27 and 1 Corinthians 12:13 teach that one is baptized into Christ and His church. By obeying these commands, one is said to be born into the church or the kingdom (John 3:3-5).

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