Summary: The second table of the Ten Commandments teach us how to love one another. If we love our neighbour, we won’t murder, commit adultery, steal, lie or covet.

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Jesus said, “’You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: ’You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.” (Matthew 22:37-40).

• Jesus summed up the whole Old Testament law = love God and love people.

• But how do we love God and love people? The Ten Commandments!

o The first four commandments = an expression of how to love God.

o The last six commandments = an expression of how to love people.


“1 And God spoke all these words, saying: 2 "I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3 You shall have no other gods before Me. 4 "You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; 5 you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6 but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments. 7 "You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain. 8 "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it. 12 "Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you.” (Exodus 20:1-12).

THE BIG IDEA: The second table of the Ten Commandments teach us how to love one another. If we love our neighbour, we won’t murder, commit adultery, steal, lie or covet.


1. This Commandment also warns against anger and hatred:

Jesus said, “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ’You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.’ But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment.” (Matthew 5:21-22).

• According to Jesus, murder begins with anger.

• “Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.” (1 John 3:15).

• Anger leads to hatred which ultimately leads to murder.

QUOTE: “That is murder in the heart. And that is where it all starts. So, how does this sixth commandment reflect the love of God? … Because God knows that when I love Him above all else and put Him first in my life, I will not injure anyone. It will not be in my heart to offend, slander, hurt, humiliate, destroy or write anyone off.” (Ron Mehl).

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