Summary: An Intro to 1st John
The Truth About Jesus Christ
a. It is widely held by most scholars that the Apostle John wrote the book of 1st John while pastoring the church at Ephesus, somewhere around 85 to 90 AD, before he wrote Revelation and Second and third John, but after he wrote the Gospel of John.
i. The Gospel of John is distinct from the other three gospels. The other three closely mirror one another, while John gives us another insight into the Lord and His earthly ministry.
i. John was one of the inner circle, w/ Peter and his brother James, that saw the Lord transfigured
ii. John was the only Apostle not martyred for his faith. Church tradition holds that John was dunked in boiling oil by the Roman emperor, but did not die, and was then exiled to the island of Patmos.
a. The book of 1st John deals mainly with the heresy of Gnosticism, which was gaining a foothold in the early church toward the end of the first century.
i. Some basic beliefs of gnosticism include:
1. God did not create the “evil” physical world, a distant emanation of him did.
2. Jesus was a phantom that did not have a body of flesh.
3. Gnosticism was further developed by Arias, who started the Arian heresy.
4. Arias denied the deity of Christ, claiming Jesus was a created being. This belief is still with us today in the JW’s.
ii. John’s purpose in writing was to bolster the beliefs of the churches, and the younger believers who were second or third generation Christians by now, by emphasizing the deity of Jesus, to combat these heresies.
i. That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, concerning the Word of life—
ii. Beginning – Greek word arche, meaning origin, or ruler, which speaking about Christ is both. This word speaks about Christ’s eternal existence and deity. It is used extensively in John’s writings, i.e. John 1:1 (quickview)  – In the beginning (arche) was the Word, the Word was with God, and the Word was God, also Revelation 1:8 (quickview)  - I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning (arche) and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Also, it is used twice in Revelation 22:13 (quickview)  - I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning (arche) and the end, the first (arche) and the last.
iii. Heard and seen – John was a witness to Christ’s ministry
iv. Looked upon – They saw Christ’s ministry on earth.
v. Our hands have handled – Upon His resurrection, Christ encouraged the Apostles and those gathered with them to tough Him in his resurrected state, that they might know that it was really Jesus raised from the dead, and not just a Spirit, like the Gnostics were teaching.