Summary: Today, Pentecostalism is a fast growing, mainstream movement with its modern epicenter found in 19th century with the Holiness movement.
Tongues 8 Oct. 3, 2012 Dr. Mike Fogerson
A A few weeks ago I taught how there was an unbroken line on gifts through out the history of the church (first century, medieval, modern era.)
1 Today, Pentecostalism is a fast growing, mainstream movement with its modern epicenter found in 19th century with the Holiness movement.
a Asa Mahan’s book 1870, The Baptism of the Holy Ghost and William Arthur’s book 1856-1870, The Tongue of Fire.
aa The titles of these books seem to foreshadow what was coming.
bb Around this time, A Holiness preacher, Rev. Charles Parham (President of Bethel Bible College) preached a revival in Topeka, Kansas; Agnes Ozmar, a Methodist woman, spoke in tongues.
b The Holiness movement was birthed out of the 2nd Great Awakening (Finney, Moody)
aa The FGA focused on Salvation; SGA focused on Sanctification
bb Personal Holiness.
2 1906, a black preacher (William Seymour) from Bethel Bible College preached a revival on Azuza Street in Los Angeles. (Attended by whites/blacks; Baptists & Holiness)
a Rev. Joseph Smale, pastor of FBC Los Angeles, saw a 14 week revival in his church.
b Rejected by the deacons and the revival stopped at FBCLA.
B What God did at Azuza swept around the world (AG, Church of God in Christ, Church of God) and broke down racial, gender, and denominational barriers.
1 There are three main groups of Pentecostals.
a Holiness (Basically believe there is a three-step process in salvation)
aa First, Justified (saved)
bb Second, fully sanctified (New life in the Spirit)
cc Third, baptized in Holy Spirit with tongues as the initial evidence.
b Other Pentecostals (AG)
aa Wouldn’t include the second step of total sanctification.
bb Do embrace the third step.
c Oneness or “Jesus Only.”
aa Early church baptized in Jesus Christ name only.
bb Also believe tongues is the initial evidence of the baptism of the Holy Spirit.
2 There are at least two strong arguments for evidential tongues in the book of Acts.
2 And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.3 And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them.4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues , as the Spirit was giving them utterance .Acts 2:2-4 (NASB)
44 While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who were listening to the message .45 All the circumcised believers who came with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles also.46 For they were hearing them speaking with tongues and exalting God. Then Peter answered,47 "Surely no one can refuse the water for these to be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we did, can he?"48 And he ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked him to stay on for a few days. Acts 10:44-48 (NASB)