Summary: Tools for Expositing Psalms 23
HOW TO DEVELOP EXPOSITIONAL SERMONS
a). Definition of an Expositional Sermon - An expository sermon is one in which a portion of scripture is interpreted in relation to one theme or subject. The bulk of the material for the sermon is drawn directly from the passage and the outline consists of a series of progressive ideas centered around that main idea.
b). Distinguish a textual from an expository sermon. A textual sermon consists of main divisions that are derived from a small section of scripture, usually a single verse or two or even a part of the verse. The expository sermon encompasses an expanded section of the Bible, perhaps three to thirty verses.
c). Use description to help paint a mental picture for your people.
d). Use narration to let them hear the actual words spoken in the passage by the Biblical characters. Dramatize their words as if you were putting yourself in their positions.
e). Use various arguments that represent the various viewpoints to show how the scripture has an answer for every legitimate question. Avoid needless arguments however. (2 Tim.2:24)
f). Criticize wrong interpretations, applications, or men’s distortions of the truth of the passage.
g). Correlate what other commentaries or people have said about the passage.
h). Relate the passage to what is happening in the lives of your people.
i). Explain the words, phrases, themes, problems, context, and background of the people involved to give the people perspective to the text.
j). Use the various types of outlines given in the following sections of this book to present the scriptures with a variety of approaches.
Example of Expository Sermon
1). Topic - Fight the Good Fight
Subject - Equipment for Spiritual Warfare
Thematic Question - How Should We Equip Ourselves to Fight the Good fight of Faith?
Note: Each sermons should begin with a propositional statement where the Pastor summarizes (simply and clearly) what he wants the congregation to learn in one sentence. From the proposition, the preacher will discuss, develop, prove, explain, illustrate, amplify, encourage, exhort, and apply the truths of the scripture.
In other words, the propositional statement is the sermon in miniature. It captures the main theme of the message. It should be repeated several times insuring that everyone knows what is the main thing they are expected to gain from your message. One old wise preacher use to say, ``If people aim at nothing they tend to hit it everytime.’’
Note: Each title should be pertinent to the text. It should be short, simple, and easy to remember. An interesting title will stir the greatest response in your audience. The title should be stated in the form of an affirmation, interrogation, or exclamation. The title may be a brief quotation from scripture. i.e. ``Thy will be done’’; ``There we saw giants’’; ``Teach us to pray’’
Listen to some of the better titles given by some of the world’s greatest preachers: 1). The Great Gain of Godliness - Maclaren - I Kgs. 4:25-34; 2). The Defeat of Death - Pierson, I Cor. 15; 3). The Re-Action of Revenge - Macartney Esther 1-10 (quickview) 4). Pay Day Someday - R.G. Lee John 3 (quickview)  5). Rest for the Restless - Spurgeon - Mt. 11:28-30; 6). The School of Sorrow - Thomas - Gen. 35:8-29; 7). Barrenness or Blessedness - Olford - Numb. 21:10-18