Summary: Chapter 11 shows us 4 things that Jesus is. He is our: Friend, Life, Power, and Substitute. How we respond to Him shows others how we truly feel about Him.
What does Jesus bring?
1. Jesus is our friend (He is moved by Lazarus’s sickness)
2. Jesus gives life (Martha rebukes, but gives credence to resurrection)
a. He is affected by the things around us … relates to us
b. Greek word embrimaomai (anger over sin and death)
c. Greek word etaraxen (agitation over the grief He sees)
3. Jesus is power (Jesus raises Lazarus from the dead; God’s glory revealed)
Read John 11:45-57 / Pray
Today, we will examine how Jesus is our Substitute
∆ Point 1 – He is the substitute for Israel (45-50)
The religious are worried about a revolt
They knew it could/would bring Roman retribution (soldiers)
Problem: Some believed in Jesus now … changed their focus
Note: V47 – This is the only mention of the Sanhedrin in John
They are called together to discuss this problem in their society
Their quandary: “What do we do, now?”
Consider: What would you do if your world was turned upside down?
Challenge: Jesus ALWAYS brings change … do we respond to that well?
Caiaphas (in arrogance, v51) predicted that a man would die
But, his prediction was only for Israel; didn’t count on Jesus dying for all
FACT: God used this man’s arrogance for divine revelation …
Re: Jesus = Substitutionary Atonement
Isaiah 53:10, “Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the Lord makes his life an offering for sin, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.”
∆ Point 2 – He is the substitute for all people (51-57)
IMP: Jewish Law doesn’t say to murder one for someone else
But, their political agenda sways their decisions; it affects their thinking
For centuries they’ve known a Messiah would come; they did have hope
But … their corruption motivates them (desire to have their stuff …)
Timeline (v53): A conspiracy is born; final week of Jesus’s life is in play
Caiaphas’s prediction was that Jesus should die so the Romans wouldn’t:
• Take away their privileges, and,
• Remove their statuses = comfort and power
Therefore, Jesus’s public ministry concludes (private teachings ahead)
He stayed in a town called Ephraim; small town outside of Judean desert
Note: There have been 4 Passovers in Gospel of John:
• 2:13, Jesus clears the temple
• 5:1, Jesus heals at the pool (this festival was of importance to bring Jesus)
• 6:4, Just before Jesus feeds the 5,000+
• 11:55, this story here …
That gives us just about three and ½ years of public ministry
But, why were they looking for Him (v56)? Performance? Worship? Other?
Surely they thought this Passover might be really interesting
Consider: Post-tragedy is when churches fill up
The crowd may have thought this was going to be event worth attending
IMP: They have no idea how right they are about to be
So, where does this story leave challenge us?
∆ Big Idea
Ch. 11 gives us 4 things that Jesus is: Friend, Life, Power, and Substitute
Consider the reaction of the players in this chapter:
• Martha: Rebuke in her grief; but belief and confession of Christ
• Thomas: Sarcasm to go and die also; but willing to be there
• Jews: Some believed, some didn’t; but there is change in hearts
• Religious/Sanhedrin: We’ve got to remove Him, He changes everything
All of this is because of who Jesus is … so how do we respond to Him?