Summary: Whenever we attempt to live for God and accomplish God's purposes, we should expect opposition from God's enemies. In this lesson, we see how Nehemiah and God's people were able to overcome the opposition they faced.


A. I like the story told of a hunter who one day raised his rifle and took careful aim at a large bear.

1. When he was about to pull the trigger, the bear spoke in a soft soothing voice, “Isn’t it better to talk than to shoot? What do you want? Let's negotiate the matter.”

2. Lowering his rifle, the hunter replied, “I want a fur coat.”

3. “Very good,” said the bear, “that’s a negotiable item. I only want a full stomach, so let us sit down and negotiate a compromise.”

4. They sat down to negotiate and after a time the bear walked away, alone. The negotiations had been successful.

5. The bear ate the hunter thus giving himself a full stomach, and giving the hunter a fur coat!

B. Compromising with our enemy rarely leads to something good – that is especially true when the enemy in question is Satan himself.

1. Today we are continuing our study of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah.

2. As we have learned so far, God’s people have returned to Jerusalem and Judea after being punished by God with captivity.

3. God’s people have rebuilt the temple and restored the practice of the Old Testament Law.

4. Nehemiah came to Jerusalem years after those things were accomplished and had it on his heart to help his people rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.

5. Last week we examined chapter 3 and were treated to a description of the way all kinds of people from all kinds of backgrounds and localities came together to rebuild Jerusalem’s walls.

C. What we will see today as we look at chapters 4 and 6 is that the minute God’s people began rebuilding the walls, they faced opposition.

1. Certainly, that should not come as a surprise to us.

2. We will also see how Nehemiah was invited to compromise and negotiate with his enemies.

3. As we study these two chapters of Nehemiah, we will be given a good analysis of how opposition is shaped and how we are to overcome to it.

4. Let’s see how Nehemiah and God’s people were able to overcome the opposition they faced, so that we can overcome the opposition we face.

I. The Story

A. In order for us to learn from the story, we are going to read all of chapter 4 and part of chapter 6, but neither of them are very long.

1. Faith comes by hearing the Word of God, that’s why I love for us to read God’s Word together!

B. Chapter 4: 1 When Sanballat heard that we were rebuilding the wall, he became angry and was greatly incensed. He ridiculed the Jews, 2 and in the presence of his associates and the army of Samaria, he said, “What are those feeble Jews doing? Will they restore their wall? Will they offer sacrifices? Will they finish in a day? Can they bring the stones back to life from those heaps of rubble--burned as they are?” 3 Tobiah the Ammonite, who was at his side, said, “What they are building--if even a fox climbed up on it, he would break down their wall of stones!” 4 Hear us, O our God, for we are despised. Turn their insults back on their own heads. Give them over as plunder in a land of captivity. 5 Do not cover up their guilt or blot out their sins from your sight, for they have thrown insults in the face of the builders. 6 So we rebuilt the wall till all of it reached half its height, for the people worked with all their heart. 7 But when Sanballat, Tobiah, the Arabs, the Ammonites and the men of Ashdod heard that the repairs to Jerusalem's walls had gone ahead and that the gaps were being closed, they were very angry. 8 They all plotted together to come and fight against Jerusalem and stir up trouble against it. 9 But we prayed to our God and posted a guard day and night to meet this threat. 10 Meanwhile, the people in Judah said, “The strength of the laborers is giving out, and there is so much rubble that we cannot rebuild the wall.” 11 Also our enemies said, “Before they know it or see us, we will be right there among them and will kill them and put an end to the work.” 12 Then the Jews who lived near them came and told us ten times over, “Wherever you turn, they will attack us.” 13 Therefore I stationed some of the people behind the lowest points of the wall at the exposed places, posting them by families, with their swords, spears and bows. 14 After I looked things over, I stood up and said to the nobles, the officials and the rest of the people, “Don't be afraid of them. Remember the Lord, who is great and awesome, and fight for your brothers, your sons and your daughters, your wives and your homes.” 15 When our enemies heard that we were aware of their plot and that God had frustrated it, we all returned to the wall, each to his own work. 16 From that day on, half of my men did the work, while the other half were equipped with spears, shields, bows and armor. The officers posted themselves behind all the people of Judah 17 who were building the wall. Those who carried materials did their work with one hand and held a weapon in the other, 18 and each of the builders wore his sword at his side as he worked. But the man who sounded the trumpet stayed with me. 19 Then I said to the nobles, the officials and the rest of the people, “The work is extensive and spread out, and we are widely separated from each other along the wall. 20 Wherever you hear the sound of the trumpet, join us there. Our God will fight for us!” 21 So we continued the work with half the men holding spears, from the first light of dawn till the stars came out. 22 At that time I also said to the people, “Have every man and his helper stay inside Jerusalem at night, so they can serve us as guards by night and workmen by day.” 23 Neither I nor my brothers nor my men nor the guards with me took off our clothes; each had his weapon, even when he went for water.

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